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Histamine H3 receptor inverse agonists are known to enhance the activity of histaminergic neurons in brain and thereby promote vigilance and cognition. 1-{3-[3-(4-Chlorophenyl)propoxy]propyl}piperidine, hydrochloride (BF2.649) is a novel, potent, and selective nonimidazole inverse agonist at the recombinant human H3 receptor. On the stimulation of guanosine(More)
Drug-discovery projects frequently employ structure-based information through protein modeling and ligand docking, and there is a plethora of reports relating successful use of them in virtual screening. Hit/lead optimization, which represents the next step and the longest for the medicinal chemist, is very rarely considered. This is not surprising because(More)
Sphingosine 1-phosphate (S1P), which derives from the metabolism of sphingomyelin, is mainly synthesized, stored, and released from platelets after activation by physiological and pathophysiological events. S1P acts in cardiovascular tissues through cell surface G-protein-coupled receptors of the endothelial differentiation gene (EDG) family, i.e., EDG1,(More)
A series of compounds containing privileged scaffolds of the known histamine H(1) receptor antagonists cetirizine, mianserin, ketotifen, loratadine, and bamipine were synthesized for further optimization as ligands for the related biogenic amine binding dopamine D(3) receptor. A pharmacological screening was carried out at dopamine D(2) and D(3) receptors.(More)
Phleomycins are glycopeptide antibiotics related to bleomycins nucleotide sequence of the Sh ble gene and its polylinker and tallysomycins which are active at low concentrations on both fragments. prokaryotic and eukaryotic cells (1). We have cloned a phleomycin-resistance gene (Sh ble) from the genomic DNA of REFERENCES Streptoalloteichus hindustanus (ATCC(More)
Secreted heterologous proteins have been found to be produced much less efficiently by fungi than secreted homologous ones. This could be due, at least in part, to proteolytic cleavage by site-specific endoproteases of the secretory pathway, similar to the yeast KEX2 protease and the mammalian dibasic endoproteinases found in secretory pathways. Mature(More)
DENN domains are found in a variety of signaling proteins but their exact function remains undefined. Some of the DENN-containing proteins, such as rat Rab3GEP (Rab3 GDP/GTP exchange protein) or mouse Rab6IP1 (Rab6 interacting protein 1) interact with GTPases of the Rab family. Others, such as human MADD (MAP (Mitogen-activated protein) kinase activating(More)
OBJECTIVE The Shal (or Kv4) gene family has been proposed to be responsible for primary subunits of the transient outward potassium current (Ito). More precisely, Kv4.2 and Kv4.3 have been suggested to be the most likely molecular correlates for Ito in rat cells. The purpose of the present study was to compare the properties of the rat Kv4.3 gene product(More)
Tolypocladium geodes strain NC50 was transformed by different integrating vectors bearing both a synthetic gene encoding human lysozyme (HLz) and the Sh ble phleomycin resistance marker, either in separate expression cassettes or in transcriptional or translational fusion configurations. Clones derived from all vectors were able to secrete HLz. The highest(More)
A convenient and efficient transformation system has been developed for the filamentous fungus Tolypocladium geodes. In contrast to most of the commonly described techniques requiring prior preparation of protoplasts or spheroplasts, this method leads to high efficiency transformation of T. geodes conidiospores following moderate lytic enzyme treatment.(More)