Learn More
A cDNA library was prepared from poly(A) mRNA extracted from adult anemic hamster spleen erythroid cells. cDNA clones containing inserts coding for adult alpha and beta major globin chains were isolated. Their identity was confirmed by (a) translation of hybrid selected mRNA and (b) nucleotide sequence analysis of the inserts and comparison to the adult(More)
The dominant hemoglobin of the adult hamster was detected in yolk-sac erythroid cells, and its identity was confirmed by peptide mapping and by analysis of relevant peptides. Both the presence and active synthesis of two embryonic hemoglobins presumed to exist only in yolk-sac erythroid cells were detected in neonatal liver and spleen. Thus the time span of(More)
Erythropoietin (Epo) binds specifically to receptors on the surface membrane of responsive erythroid cells. In search of ontogenic changes in Epo receptor behavior, we studied characteristics of specific binding to hamster yolk sac erythroid cells during hamster ontogeny. We detected receptors specific for Epo on these cells throughout the duration of their(More)
Molecular mechanisms involved in control of globin gene expression are a prominent target in current basic biologic research. A better understanding of these mechanisms might also impinge on a clinical goal: amelioration of the human hemoglobinopathies. Recent reports have established the coexistence of embryonic and adult globins in rodent yolk-sac(More)
We have measured the intermolecular interactions of oxygenated sickle hemoglobin molecules in cells and in cell-free solutions, and have compared the results with similar data for liganded normal adult hemoglobin. The experiments involve the measurement of the spin-lattice relaxation time T1 of protons of solvent water molecules, as a function of an(More)
During mammalian hemoglobin ontogeny, synthesis of the earliest globin chains (embryonic) is ultimately replaced by synthesis of globin chains (adult) characteristic of the fully formed organism. Elements of control of initiation, progression, and completion of globin-chain ontogeny are poorly understood. In search of a cell culture system in which ontogeny(More)
A cDNA library was prepared from poly(A) mRNA extracted from 9-day hamster-yolk-sac erythroid cells. Two clones containing inserts coding for embryonic beta-like z or y globin-chains were isolated. Their identity was confirmed by (a) translation of hybrid selected mRNAs and (b) nucleotide sequence analysis of the inserts and comparison to the embryonic(More)
The embryonic-to-adult globin switch begins in intact yolk-sac erythroid cells (YSEC) of hamster embryos 2 days after initiation of erythropoiesis in the yolk-sac blood islands ("early" ontogeny), and is nearly completed 4 days later ("late" ontogeny). Rates of adult globin-chain synthesis, alpha and beta major, in intact YSEC are low in early ontogeny and(More)
Prior research has demonstrated that globin ontogeny of hamster proceeds nearly to completion during the several days that yolk sac erythroid cells (YSEC) circulate in the embryo; synthesis of embryonic globin chains gives way to synthesis of adult globin chains in these primitive cells. In the present study, we translated total cell RNA extracted from YSEC(More)