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Heat stroke-induced death is a major killer worldwide. Mice were subjected to acute heat stress by exposing them to whole-body hyperthermia (WBH) treatment and were used as a model to study heat stroke. Administration of L-arginine (L-arg, 120 mg/kg, i.p) 2 h after the cessation of WBH rescued the mice from heat-induced death and reduced the hypothermia.(More)
We have demonstrated that therapeutic administration of L-arginine (L-arg) (120 mg/kg) at +2 h of whole body hyperthermia (WBH) could rescue the mice from heatstroke-induced death. Studies were undertaken to elucidate the role of L-arg in the immunomodulation of the heat-stressed mice. Administration of L-arginine (L-arg), (120 mg/kg, i.p.), at +2 h of WBH,(More)
Plumbagin inhibited activation, proliferation, cytokine production, and graft-versus-host disease in lymphocytes and inhibited growth of tumor cells by suppressing nuclear factor-kappaB (NF-kappaB). Plumbagin was also shown to induce reactive oxygen species (ROS) generation in tumor cells via an unknown mechanism. Present report describes a novel role of(More)
A new assay has been developed to study the osmotic fragility of red blood cells (RBCs) and the involvement of oxygen-derived free radicals and other oxidant species in causing human red blood cell hemolysis. The amount of hemoglobin released into the supernatant, which is a measure of human red blood cell hemolysis, is monitored using an ELISA reader. This(More)
Plumbagin (5-hydroxy-2-methyl-1, 4-naphthoquinone), a quinone isolated from the roots of Plumbago zeylanica was recently reported to suppress the activation of NF-kappaB in tumor cells. NF-kappaB, a ubiquitous transcription factor, plays a central role in regulating diverse processes in leukocytes like cellular proliferation, expression of immunoregulatory(More)
There are no reports describing the ability of pro-oxidants to protect against radiation-induced apoptosis. Activation of the redox-sensitive transcription factor Nrf2 by low levels of ROS is known to protect against oxidative stress-induced cell death. In this study, hydrogen peroxide, diethylmaleate, and 1,4-naphthoquinone (NQ) exhibited complete(More)
BACKGROUND Dexamethasone (DEX) is demonstrated to have anti-inflammatory properties and known to induce hemodynamic improvement in sepsis and septic shock. L-arginine (L-arg), a semi-essential amino acid, depending on its metabolic pathway, becomes very essential in stress situations such as heatstroke, burns, sepsis, trauma, and wound healing. The aim of(More)
The aim of the present study was to investigate the protective efficacy of l-arginine in mitigating the injury induced by 2 Gy of total-body gamma radiation (TBI). Mice exposed to radiation (TBI group) had significantly decreased spleen weight, splenocyte numbers and bone marrow cellularity. Administration of l-arginine 2 h after TBI (TBI + l-arginine(More)
Plumbagin has been reported to modulate cellular redox status and suppress NF-κB. In the present study, we investigated the effect of plumbagin on lipopolysaccharide (LPS)-induced endotoxic shock, oxidative stress and inflammatory parameters in vitro and in vivo. Plumbagin inhibited LPS-induced nitric oxide, TNF-α, IL-6 and prostaglandin-E2 production in a(More)
Our earlier results demonstrated that clinically relevant concentrations of unconjugated bilirubin (UCB) possessed immunotoxic effects. Whole-body irradiation (WBI) with 1 to 6 Gy leads to acute radiation syndrome, immunosuppression, and makes the host susceptible to infection. Since hyperbilirubinemia has been shown to be associated with several types of(More)