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The reliability and validity of force platform measures used to evaluate steadiness of stance were investigated in a group of 28 healthy subjects in four basic stance positions: two-legged, step, tandem, and one-legged stance. In each stance position five indices of steadiness were obtained by sampling the three orthogonal force signals and the two(More)
Eleven subjects with cerebral palsy were assessed both with the Melbourne Assessment and by four clinical experts. Comparison of their assessment ratings revealed that the Melbourne Assessment was strongly related to the clinical judgement of the experts. A further 20 subjects were administered the Melbourne Assessment and two occupational therapists scored(More)
Viscoelastic models of the musculoskeletal system suggest resonant frequencies of oscillatory movement at which maximal output is realized with minimal energy expenditure. To investigate this, resonance at the human ankle joint was explored by comparing predicted and experimental gain/frequency and phase frequency functions. These functions were predicted(More)
Postural steadiness in one-legged stance has potential for evaluation of unilateral injuries and disorders, but any test protocol must be demonstrated to be both feasible and reliable. A testing protocol for using a force platform to measure steadiness in one-legged stance with eyes opened and eyes closed was successfully developed, and its within-session(More)
Postural control was investigated following unilateral inversion injury of the ankle in 24 trained and 24 untrained subjects at least 8 weeks following injury and following resumption of high-speed activities. The two groups differed in the practice of balance exercises in one-legged stance during rehabilitation. Using a force platform the variability of(More)
This study evaluated the use of accelerometry to measure the quality of movement in children with cerebral palsy. Accelerometer scores based on a previously described test were correlated with scores on a newly developed clinical test shown to be both valid and reliable. Low correlations were obtained between clinical test scores and accelerometer scores.(More)
A number of studies which have examined reliability of spinal assessment procedures in manual therapy are reviewed. The tests examined were Passive Accessory Intervertebral Movements, Passive Physiological Intervertebral Movements, Straight Leg Raise and Forward Flexion. In general, tests of pain were found to be much more reproducible than tests of(More)
Stance Control knee-ankle foot orthoses (SCO) differ from their traditional locked knee counterparts by allowing free knee flexion during swing while providing stability during stance. It is widely accepted that free knee flexion during swing normalizes gait and therefore improves walking speed and reduces the energy requirements of walking. Limited(More)
OBJECTIVES The aim of this study was to explore the contribution of biomechanical factors to the development and progression of knee osteoarthritis (OA) by investigating whether the offspring of subjects with medial tibiomfemoral OA demonstrate gait abnormalities in the absence of OA. METHODS Three-dimensional gait analyses were performed on 9 offspring(More)
Orthoses are commonly prescribed for the management of spasticity but their neurophysiologic effect on spasticity remains unsubstantiated. The purpose of this study was to investigate the effect of three tone-reducing devices (dynamic foot orthosis, muscle stretch, and orthokinetic compression garment) on soleus muscle reflex excitability while standing in(More)