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Many finite element models have been developed by several research groups in order to achieve a better understanding of brain injury. Due to the lack of experimental data, validation of these models has generally been limited. Consequently, applying these models to investigate brain responses has also been limited. Over the last several years, several(More)
The dynamic response of the human head to side impact was studied by 2-dimensional finite element modeling. Three models were formulated in this study. Model I is an axisymmetric model. It simulated closed shell impact of the human head, and consisted of a single-layered spherical shell filled wiht an inviscid fluid. The other two models (Model II and III)(More)
The impact response of the human head has been determined by three-dimensional finite element modeling. This model represents the essential features of a 50th percentile human head. It includes a layered shell closely representing the cranial bones with the interior contents occupied by an inviscid continuum to simulate the brain. A thin fluid layer was(More)
Biomechanics of cerebral trauma attempts to delineate the dynamic response of the cranial vault contents to a direct or indirect impact to the head. Consequently, brain injury mechanisms and associated tolerance to impact can be deduced by establishing a relationship between neurological deficit and mechanical dosage. The resulting information is invaluable(More)
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