T. Alp Ikizler

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INTRODUCTION Serum creatinine concentration (sCr) is the marker used for diagnosing and staging acute kidney injury (AKI) in the RIFLE and AKIN classification systems, but is influenced by several factors including its volume of distribution. We evaluated the effect of fluid accumulation on sCr to estimate severity of AKI. METHODS In 253 patients(More)
The hemodialysis (HD) procedure has been implicated as a potential catabolic factor predisposing the chronic HD (CHD) patients to protein calorie malnutrition. To assess the potential effects of HD on protein and energy metabolism, we studied 11 CHD patients 2 h before, during, and 2 h after HD by use of primed constant infusion of L-[1-13C]leucine and(More)
PURPOSE Sepsis commonly contributes to acute kidney injury (AKI); however, the frequency with which sepsis develops as a complication of AKI and the clinical consequences of this sepsis are unknown. This study examined the incidence of, and outcomes associated with, sepsis developing after AKI. METHODS We analyzed data from 618 critically ill patients(More)
BACKGROUND An intriguing strategy to further enhance the anabolic effects of nutritional supplementation is to combine the administration of nutrients with resistance exercise. We hypothesized that the addition of resistance exercise to oral nutrition supplementation would lead to further increases in skeletal muscle protein accretion when compared to(More)
Mortality in critically ill patients with acute renal failure (ARF) remains high. Hyperglycemia associated with insulin resistance has been associated with adverse outcomes in critically ill intensive care unit (ICU) patients but has not been examined specifically in patients with ARF. We used data from a subcohort (n = 90) of the Program to Improve Care in(More)
BACKGROUND The incidence of acute kidney injury (AKI) has been increasing over time and is associated with a high risk of short-term death. Previous studies on hospital-acquired AKI have important methodological limitations, especially their retrospective study designs and limited ability to control for potential confounding factors. METHODS The(More)
BACKGROUND In critically ill patients with acute kidney injury, estimates of kidney function are used to modify drug dosing, adjust nutritional therapy and provide dialytic support. However, estimating glomerular filtration rate is challenging due to fluctuations in kidney function, creatinine production and fluid balance. We hypothesized that commonly used(More)
Diabetes is a major cause of chronic kidney disease, and oral antidiabetic drugs are the mainstay of therapy for most patients with Type 2 diabetes. Here we evaluated their role on renal outcomes by using a national Veterans Administration database to assemble a retrospective cohort of 93,577 diabetic patients who filled an incident oral antidiabetic drug(More)
We evaluated whether black race is associated with higher incidence of End Stage Renal Disease (ESRD) among a cohort of blacks and whites of similar, generally low socioeconomic status, and whether risk factor patterns differ among blacks and whites and explain the poorly understood racial disparity in ESRD. Incident diagnoses of ESRD among 79,943 black and(More)
Biomarker studies for early detection of acute kidney injury (AKI) have been limited by nonselective testing and uncertainties in using small changes in serum creatinine as a reference standard. Here we examine the ability of urine L-type fatty acid-binding protein (L-FABP), neutrophil gelatinase-associated lipocalin (NGAL), interleukin-18 (IL-18), and(More)