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1. Oxytocin is known to act on autoreceptors of oxytocin neurones in the supraoptic nucleus (SON). We investigated whether oxytocin modulates putative oxytocin neurones by suppressing the GABAA receptor-mediated synaptic inputs on these cells. 2. GABAergic inhibitory postsynaptic currents (IPSCs) were recorded from SON neurones in hypothalamic slices from(More)
The origin of patterned electrical activity in two electronically coupled peptidergic neurons, VD1 and RPD2, in the CNS of Lymnaea stagnalis was investigated. VD1 proved to have intrinsic beating pacemaker properties. Hybrid current/voltage clamp experiments demonstrated that in the intact CNS generation of spike activity in the coupled cell system is(More)
Age-related changes in electrotonic coupling ratio of two identified neurons in Lymnaea stagnalis were studied together with the underlying changes in the steady-state conductance properties of the network. Two phases were distinguished in the development of coupling ratio across lifespan. During the first phase (age of 3-13 months), coupling ratio(More)
1. The putative neurotransmitter FMRFa (Phe-Met-Arg-Phe-amide) caused an inhibitory modulation of the voltage-gated sodium current (INa) in central neurones, the peptidergic caudo dorsal cells (CDCs) of the mollusc Lymnaea stagnalis. FMRFa reduced INa at all command potentials tested (ranging from -35 to +20 mV), but the amplitude of the effect of FMRFa was(More)
The tetrodotoxin (TTX)-sensitive, voltage-gated Na(+)-current (INa) in a cluster of peptidergic neurons, involved in egg laying, in the CNS of the mollusc Lymnaea stagnalis, is modulated by the neuropeptide FMRFa (Phe-Met-Arg-Phe-NH2). Application of FMRFa reversibly reduced the isolated INa in a dose-dependent fashion. The physiological consequence is that(More)
Fast exocytosis in melanotropic cells, activated by calcium entry through voltage-gated calcium channels, is very sensitive to mobile calcium buffers (complete block at 800 microM ethylene glycol bis(beta-aminoethyl ether)-N,N,N'N'-tetraacetic acid (EGTA)). This indicates that calcium diffuses a substantial distance from the channel to the vesicle.(More)
The ovulation hormone producing neuro-endocrine cells of Lymnaea stagnalis, the caudo-dorsal cells (CDC), are comparable to the bag cells of Aplysia. Both cell types are capable of the production of a long-lasting activity (afterdischarge) during which an ovulation hormone is released. The CDC (30 cells in the left cerebral ganglion and 70 cells in the(More)
Peptides with adipokinetic (and usually carbohydrate-mobilizing) potency have been demonstrated in various insects, including Locusta migratoria, Schistocerca gregaria, Manduca sexta, Danaus plexippus and Periplaneta americana. As far as characterized by now the adipokinetic factors are blocked peptides, consisting of eight to ten amino acid residues. In(More)
The distribution of dopamine in the central nervous system of the pond snail Lymnaea stagnalis was investigated by using immunocytochemistry and HPLC measurements. With both methods it was demonstrated that dopamine is predominantly present in the cerebral and pedal ganglia. The dopamine-immunoreactivity was mainly observed in nerve-fibers in the neuropile(More)
Of several putative transmitters used, dopamine was the only one which caused (at low concentrations) a hyperpolarizing response (H-response) in growth hormone producing cells (GHCs) of the freshwater snail Lymnaea stagnalis. Membrane resistance changes, and shifts in the reversal potential of this H-response in different K+-concentrations, indicate that(More)