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This paper presents a model based approach to human body tracking in which the 2D silhouette of a moving human and the corresponding 3D skeletal structure are encapsulated within a non-linear Point Distribution Model. This statistical model allows a direct mapping to be achieved between the external boundary of a human and the anatomical position. It is(More)
Mixed acetals and organotrifluoroborates undergo BF(3)·OEt(2)-promoted cross-couplings to give dialkyl ethers under simple, mild conditions. A survey of reaction partners identified a hydroxamate leaving group that improves the regioselectivity and product yield in the BF(3)·OEt(2)-promoted coupling reaction of mixed acetals and potassium alkynyl-,(More)
The formation of ethers by C-O bond formation under harsh basic or acidic conditions is an entrenched synthetic disconnection in organic chemistry. We report a strategic alternative that involves the BF(3).OEt(2)-promoted coupling of stable, easily prepared acetals with widely available potassium aryl-, alkenyl-, and alkynyltrifluoroborates. This fast,(More)
This paper presents a surface segmentation method which uses a simulated inflating balloon model to segment surface structure from volumetric data using a triangular mesh. The model employs simulated surface tension and an inflationary force to grow from within an object and find its boundary. Mechanisms are described which allow both evenly spaced and(More)
First-principles periodic slab density-functional theory (DFT) calculations with a plane-wave basis are used to predict the properties of S, Pt, and Hf adsorption on NiAl(1 1 0). Stable adsorption sites are identified, and adsorbate binding energies and structures are predicted. We find that while S adsorbs in a threefold site, the metals prefer to adsorb(More)
The levels of cytoplasmic and nuclear estrogen receptor have been determined in livers of male Xenopus laevis stimulated by estradiol-17 beta to synthesize vitellogenin mRNA. Estrogen receptor levels were also determined in unstimulated liver and following long term withdrawal of estrogen. In unstimulated liver cells, which do not contain detectable(More)
The development of a diastereoselective, three-step strategy for the construction of substituted tetrahydrofurans from alkenyl aldehydes based on the tandem Mukaiyama aldol-lactonization process and Mead reductive cyclization of keto beta-lactones is reported. Stereochemical outcomes of the TMAL process are consistent with models established for Lewis(More)
The ZnCl(2)-mediated tandem Mukaiyama aldol lactonization (TMAL) reaction of aldehydes and thiopyridyl ketene acetals provides a versatile, highly diastereoselective approach to trans-1,2-disubstituted β-lactones. Mechanistic and theoretical studies described herein demonstrate that both the efficiency of this process and the high diastereoselectivity are(More)