T A Auffenberg

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Ciliary neurotrophic factor (CNTF), a member of the interleukin-6 (IL-6) superfamily, has recently been shown to induce several inflammatory responses when administered to healthy animals, including induction of fever and a hepatic acute phase protein response. In the present report, 250 micrograms.kg body wt-1.day-1 of recombinant rat CNTF or murine IL-6(More)
Campylobacter jejuni strains were tested for their ability to acquire iron from various iron sources present in humans. Hemin, hemoglobin, hemin-hemopexin, and hemoglobin-haptoglobin stimulated the growth of C. jejuni strains in low-iron medium. Transferrin, lactoferrin, and ferritin were unable to provide iron to the strains tested. Derivatives of the(More)
TNF-alpha is a pleiotropic cytokine that exists both as a 26-kDa cell-associated and a 17-kDa soluble form. Recently, a class of matrix metalloproteinase inhibitors has been identified that can prevent the processing by TNF convertase of 26-kDa TNF-alpha to its 17-kDa form and can reduce mortality from normally lethal doses of D-galactosamine plus LPS(More)
Excessive tumor necrosis factor alpha (TNF alpha) production in response to Gram-negative bacteremia or endotoxemia can often lead to hypotension, shock, and increased mortality. Current approaches used to block the deleterious effects of exaggerated TNF alpha production rely on monoclonal antibodies or immunoadhesins that bind TNF alpha and thus prevent(More)
Anticytokine therapies have been promulgated in gram-negative sepsis as a means of preventing or neutralizing excessive production of proinflammatory cytokines. However, systemic administration of cytokine inhibitors is an inefficient means of targeting excessive production in individual tissue compartments. In the present study, human gene transfer was(More)
OBJECTIVE The present study was designed to evaluate whether pre-existing hepatic dysfunction (cirrhosis) leads to increased morbidity and mortality, in part through an inappropriate in vivo tumor necrosis factor-alpha response. SUMMARY BACKGROUND DATA Vibrio vulnificus is the most commonly isolated member of the noncholera Vibrio sp., responsible for(More)
A hammerhead ribozyme directed against murine TNFalpha (mTNFalpha) mRNA has been constructed. In vitro studies showed that this ribozyme was released from the parent molecule by flanking cis-acting hammerhead and hairpin ribozymes. This same anti-mTNFalpha ribozyme specifically cleaved both synthetically derived substrate RNA and mTNFalpha mRNA within a(More)
The ob gene product leptin is known to produce anorexia and loss of body fat when chronically administered to both lean and genetically obese mice. The current study was undertaken to examine whether administration of recombinant leptin in quantities sufficient to produce decreases in food intake and body weight and alterations in body composition would(More)
OBJECTIVE To determine if transfection of SW48 colon cancer cells with the type II transforming growth factor-beta (TGF-beta) receptor restores growth inhibition and reverses the in vitro and in vivo malignant phenotype. SUMMARY BACKGROUND DATA The authors have previously shown that SW48 colon cancer cells that are replication error positive in both(More)
Septic shock following gram-negative infection is a leading cause of mortality in critically ill patients, accounting for nearly 200,000 deaths a year. The exaggerated production of tumor necrosis factor-alpha (TNF alpha) is known to contribute to hemodynamic collapse and the hematological dyscrasia associated with gram-negative sepsis. Although previous(More)