T A Aasmundstad

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Microdialysis was used to sample morphine 6-glucuronide (M6G) and morphine in striatal extracellular fluid after systemic administration in awake, freely moving rats. Morphine or M6G (25-67 mumol/kg) was given subcutaneously, and blood and striatal dialysate were sampled repeatedly during 120 min. Blood samples were obtained by indwelling catheters in the(More)
BACKGROUND The objective of the Scandinavian Society of Anaesthesiology and Intensive Care Medicine (SSAI) task force on mechanical ventilation in adults with the acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS) is to formulate treatment recommendations based on available evidence from systematic reviews and randomised trials. METHODS This guideline was(More)
BACKGROUND The objective of the Scandinavian Society of Anaesthesiology and Intensive Care Medicine (SSAI) task force on fluid and drug therapy in adults with acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS) was to provide clinically relevant, evidence-based treatment recommendations according to standards for trustworthy guidelines. METHODS The guideline was(More)
Morphine-6beta-glucuronide is a major metabolite of morphine with potent analgesic actions. To explore the importance of this opiate when administered as a drug by its own or in morphine action, we studied the locomotor activity response to morphine and morphine-6-glucuronide in drug-naive C57 BL/6JBom mice. The effects of administration of the two opiates(More)
The O-dealkylation of ethylmorphine (EM) and codeine (CD) to morphine (M) co-segregates with debrisoquine/sparteine genetic polymorphism in man. CD O-demethylation is catalysed by cytochrome P450 2D1 (CYP2D1) in rats. In the present study, the O-deethylation of EM was examined and compared with that of CD in suspensions of freshly-isolated hepatocytes(More)
1. In humans morphine is metabolised to morphine-3-glucuronide (M3G) which possess no opioid activity, and morphine-6-glucuronide (M6G) which is a potent opioid receptor agonist that probably contribute to the desired as well as toxic effects of morphine. 2. In order to investigate the possible effect of ranitidine on morphine glucuronidation indicated by(More)
The influence of ranitidine on morphine metabolism, with special emphasise on the ratio between morphine-3-glucuronide and morphine-6-glucuronide was studied in isolated guinea pig hepatocytes. Ranitidine reduced the Kel of morphine dose-dependently with a maximum effect of 50%, and increased the relative concentration of morphine-6-glucuronide to(More)
The biotransformation of morphine was characterized in freshly isolated parenchymal and non-parenchymal liver cells from rats and guinea pigs in suspension culture to establish an in vitro model for morphine metabolism. Liver cells were prepared by a collagenase perfusion technique, and separated by differential centrifugation. Morphine metabolism was(More)
1. The pharmacokinetics of ethylmorphine after administration of a single dose of the cough mixture Cosylan were investigated in 10 healthy subjects. 2. The median urinary recovery of ethylmorphine and measured metabolites was 77% over 48 h. The median tmax of unchanged ethylmorphine was 45 min, and the terminal elimination t1/2 was 2 h.(More)
The purpose of the present study was to investigate the role of specific CYPs responsible for the O-dealkylation of ethylmorphine (EM) and codeine (CD) to morphine (M), as well as that of norethylmorphine (NEM) and norcodeine (NCD) to normorphine (NM) in rat liver microsomes. Liver microsomes metabolize EM and CD to M, and NEM and NCD to NM, in the presence(More)