Tõnu Vooder

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Three genetic loci for lung cancer risk have been identified by genome-wide association studies (GWAS), but inherited susceptibility to specific histologic types of lung cancer is not well established. We conducted a GWAS of lung cancer and its major histologic types, genotyping 515,922 single-nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) in 5739 lung cancer cases and(More)
Lung cancer is one of the deadliest types of cancer proven by the poor survival and high relapse rates after surgery. Recently discovered microRNAs (miRNAs), small noncoding RNA molecules, play a crucial role in modulating gene expression networks and are directly involved in the progression of a number of human cancers. In this study, we analyzed the(More)
We conducted imputation to the 1000 Genomes Project of four genome-wide association studies of lung cancer in populations of European ancestry (11,348 cases and 15,861 controls) and genotyped an additional 10,246 cases and 38,295 controls for follow-up. We identified large-effect genome-wide associations for squamous lung cancer with the rare variants BRCA2(More)
The prognostic and diagnostic value of microRNA (miRNA) expression aberrations in lung cancer has been studied intensely in recent years. However, due to the application of different technological platforms and small sample size, the miRNA expression profiling efforts have led to inconsistent results between the studies. We performed a comprehensive(More)
BACKGROUND Activating mutations in one allele of an oncogene (heterozygous mutations) are widely believed to be sufficient for tumorigenesis. However, mutant allele specific imbalance (MASI) has been observed in tumors and cell lines harboring mutations of oncogenes. METHODOLOGY/PRINCIPAL FINDINGS We determined 1) mutational status, 2) copy number gains(More)
Lung cancer (LC) is the leading cause of cancer-related death worldwide and tobacco smoking is the major associated risk factor. DNA repair is an important process, maintaining genome integrity and polymorphisms in DNA repair genes may contribute to susceptibility to LC. To explore the role of DNA repair genes in LC, we conducted a multilevel association(More)
Recent genome-wide association studies (GWASs) have identified common genetic variants at 5p15.33, 6p21-6p22 and 15q25.1 associated with lung cancer risk. Several other genetic regions including variants of CHEK2 (22q12), TP53BP1 (15q15) and RAD52 (12p13) have been demonstrated to influence lung cancer risk in candidate- or pathway-based analyses. To(More)
OBJECTIVES Despite the well-defined histological types of non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC), a given stage is often associated with wide-ranging survival rates and treatment outcomes. This disparity has led to an increased demand for the discovery and identification of new informative biomarkers. METHODS In the current study, we screened 81 NSCLC samples(More)
Oxidative stress and inflammation are constant features of many chronic diseases and complications, and have been linked to carcinogenesis. Cyclooxygenase 2 (COX-2), a rate-limiting enzyme for the synthesis of prostaglandins, plays important roles in physiology and pathology, but has been a source of controversy within the scientific and clinical community.(More)
BACKGROUND Solitary pulmonary nodules found during the follow-up of cancer patients are generally considered to be lung metastases. However, a definite diagnosis should be established. METHODS Between 1995 and 2005, all patients with a solitary lung nodule considered removable by a thoracoscopic approach and with a history of malignancy were included in(More)