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The Ituri Forest, Democratic Republic of Congo (formerly Zaire) is an example of a closed canopy forest showing extreme depletion in (13)C. delta(13)C values for plants from the canopy top, from gaps in the canopy, and from the subcanopy average -29.0+/-1.7 per thousand, -30.4+/-0.9 per thousand, and -34.0+/-1.5 per thousand, respectively. The delta(13)C of(More)
Bonobos (Pan paniscus) inhabit regions south of the Congo River including all areas between its southerly tributaries. To investigate the genetic diversity and evolutionary relationship among bonobo populations, we sequenced mitochondrial DNA from 376 fecal samples collected in seven study populations located within the eastern and western limits of the(More)
This study was designed to measure potential dermal and respiratory exposure of agricultural workers during the application of a typical herbicide, 2,4-dichlorophenoxy acetic acid, with five types of application equipment commonly used in the United Kingdom. The workers were monitored during filling and loading operations and during spray application.(More)
Plasmodium vivax is the leading cause of human malaria in Asia and Latin America but is absent from most of central Africa due to the near fixation of a mutation that inhibits the expression of its receptor, the Duffy antigen, on human erythrocytes. The emergence of this protective allele is not understood because P. vivax is believed to have originated in(More)
In June 2007, a previously undescribed monkey known locally as "lesula" was found in the forests of the middle Lomami Basin in central Democratic Republic of Congo (DRC). We describe this new species as Cercopithecus lomamiensis sp. nov., and provide data on its distribution, morphology, genetics, ecology and behavior. C. lomamiensis is restricted to the(More)
Over the past 20 years plus that paraquat has been used throughout the world, it has enjoyed an excellent safety record when used normally and for its intended purpose. Its safety record is explained by the following reasons: inhalational exposure during normal use is not significant toxicologically; dermal exposure predominates during normal use; intact(More)
Previous case reports have shown an association between acromegaly and the sleep apnea syndrome (SAS). Some of the patients described had central SAS, raising the possibility that an elevation of the growth hormone (GH) level may cause a defect in respiratory drive. We determined the prevalence of SAS in 21 patients with a history of acromegaly. We(More)
Field studies have been done with the herbicide, fluazifop-butyl, to assess exposure and systemic absorption following application by backpack and vehicle sprayers. The data have been used to assess the usefulness of a model for predicting the systemic absorption of a pesticide. The model uses the concept of the 'rate of absorption' through skin and this(More)