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Rift Valley fever (RVF) is an arthropod-borne viral disease repeatedly reported in many African countries and, more recently, in Saudi Arabia and Yemen. RVF virus (RVFV) primarily infects domesticated ruminants, resulting in miscarriage in pregnant females and death for newborns and young animals. It also has the ability to infect humans, causing a feverish(More)
Inbred mouse strains exhibit differences in susceptibility to influenza A infections. However, the molecular mechanisms underlying these differences are unknown. Therefore, we infected a highly susceptible mouse strain (DBA/2J) and a resistant strain (C57BL/6J) with influenza A H1N1 (PR8) and performed genome-wide expression analysis. We found genes(More)
The absence of an effective vaccine and the debilitating chemotherapy for Leishmaniasis demonstrate the need for developing alternative treatments. Several studies conducted with Morinda citrifolia have shown various biological activities, including antileishmanial activity, however its mechanisms of action are unknown. This study aimed to analyze the in(More)
Currently, there are no worldwide licensed vaccines for Rift Valley fever (RVF) that are both safe and effective. Development and evaluation of vaccines, diagnostics and treatments depend on the availability of appropriate animal models. Animal models are also necessary to understand the basic pathobiology of infection. Here, we report the use of an inbred(More)
The large variation in individual response to infection with Rift Valley fever virus (RVFV) suggests that host genetic determinants play a role in determining virus-induced disease outcomes. These genetic factors are still unknown. The systemic inoculation of mice with RVFV reproduces major pathological features of severe human disease, notably the(More)
A technique developed in Trypanosoma cruzi biochemical studies was successfully used to fractionate Leishmania (Leishmania) amazonensis promastigotes. Ultrastructural analyses revealed a membrane fraction (MF) associated to subpellicular microtubules, a ribosomal-rich microsomal fraction (MicF), and a flagellar fraction (FF) free of associated membrane. All(More)
Daily doses of 0.5 mg of rifampicin given intraperitoneally to mice after a challenge dose of 104 amastigotes of L. amazonensis led to a significant reduction of the size of local lesions. On the other hand, daily doses of 20 mg/kg to children or 1200 mg to adult patients infected with L. braziliensis did not bring any sign of improvement after 30 days of(More)
In this article, we have characterized cell subpopulations found in the hearts of mice presenting acute Chagas' disease by immunocytochemistry and subjected to different schedules of an immunosuppressive therapy with cyclophosphamide (CY). In this comparative study, CY treatment with different doses was carried out before or after infection with Trypanosoma(More)
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