Tânia Regina Zaccariotto

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Haptoglobin (Hp) is a plasma glycoprotein, the main biological function of which is to bind free hemoglobin (Hb) and prevent the loss of iron and subsequent kidney damage following intravascular hemolysis. Haptoglobin is also a positive acute-phase protein with immunomodulatory properties. In humans, the HP locus is polymorphic, with two codominant alleles(More)
The alpha-MRE is the major regulatory element responsible for the expression of human alpha-like globin genes. It is genetically polymorphic, and six different haplotypes, named A to F, have been identified in some population groups from Europe, Africa and Asia and in native Indians from two Brazilian Indian tribes. Most of the mutations that constitute the(More)
BACKGROUND Haptoglobin (Hp) is a plasma protein with antioxidant and immunomodulatory properties. Three main genotypes/phenotypes (Hp1-1, Hp2-1, Hp2-2) show distinctive efficiencies in their activities and have been related to susceptibility and outcome in different diseases, including HIV infection. OBJECTIVE To compare Hp genotype distribution between(More)
Diabetic nephropathy (DN) has an important impact on morbidity/mortality in diabetic patients. Genetic factors are probably involved in the development of this microvascular complication. Haptoglobin (Hp) is a genetically polymorphic glycoprotein that forms stable complexes with plasma-free hemoglobin (Hb) providing protection against heme-induced oxidative(More)
BACKGROUND Previous studies on the role of inflammation in the pathophysiology of sickle cell disease (SCD) suggested that the CCR5Δ32 allele, which is responsible for the production of truncated C-C chemokine receptor type 5 (CCR5), could confer a selective advantage on patients with SCD because it leads to a less efficient Th1 response. We determined the(More)
BACKGROUND It has been suggested that haptoglobin polymorphism may influence the pathogenesis of microvascular and macrovascular complications in diabetic patients. OBJECTIVE This cross sectional study was carried out to investigate the existence or not of an association between haptoglobin genotypes and prevalence of ischemic cardiovascular events(More)
We compared the frequencies of the haptoglobin (Hp) genotypes of 775 Brazilian patients with sickle-cell disease divided into the following age groups: 3 months-5 years, 6-10 years, 11-15 years, 16-20 years, and over 20 years. The last group (>20 years) was also compared with a healthy control group and was further divided into subgroups including only(More)
Although it is almost certain that alpha(+)-thalassemia protects against malaria, the mechanisms for that are still unknown. It has been suggested that an increased number of young circulating red blood cells in alpha(+)-thalassemic children, as a result of some degree of ineffective erythropoiesis, could be related to the high frequencies of the(More)
Phosphatidylinositol phosphate kinases (PIPKs) are enzymes that participate in diverse intracellular signaling pathways. They are classified into 3 functionally distinct subfamilies - PIPKI (α, β, γ), PIPKII (α, β, γ), and PIPKIII - located in various subcellular compartments. Recently, the PIPKIIα and β-globin genes were found to be overexpressed in(More)
BACKGROUND Brazil has a multiethnic population with a high diversity of hemoglobinopathies. While screenings for beta-globin mutations are far more common, alterations affecting alpha-globin genes are usually more silent and less well known. The aim of this study was to describe the results of a screening program for alpha-globin gene mutations in a(More)