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The absence of dystrophin in Duchenne muscular dystrophy (DMD) and in the mutant mdx mouse causes muscle degeneration and disruption of the neuromuscular junction. Based on evidence from the denervation-like properties of these muscles, we assessed the ligand-binding constants of nicotinic acetylcholine receptors (nAChRs) and the mRNA expression of(More)
The Kallikrein-Kinin System (KKS) has been associated to inflammatory and immunogenic responses in the peripheral and central nervous system by the activation of two receptors, namely B1 receptor and B2 receptor. The B1 receptor is absent or under-expressed in physiological conditions, being up-regulated during tissue injury or in the presence of cytokines.(More)
The kallikrein-kinin system is involved in a variety of physiological and pathological processes. Components of this system, identified in rat and human brains, can be altered in neurodegenerative processes such as Alzheimer's disease. Here, we studied kinin release and its inactivation in rats submitted to chronic cerebroventricular infusion of(More)
Alzheimer's disease (AD) is characterized by cognitive decline, presence of amyloid-beta peptide (Aβ) aggregates and neurofibrillary tangles. Kinins act through B1 and B2 G-protein coupled receptors (B1R and B2R). Chronic infusion of Aβ peptide leads to memory impairment and increases in densities of both kinin receptors in memory processing areas. Similar(More)
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