Szu-Hao Kung

Learn More
Enterovirus 71 (EV71) is the causative agent of human diseases with distinct severity, from mild hand-foot-and-mouth disease to severe neurological syndromes, such as encephalitis and meningitis. Infection of several different cell lines with EV71 causes extensive cytopathic effect, leading to destruction of the entire monolayer and the death of infected(More)
Enterovirus A71 (EV-A71) causes severe complications: encephalitis, pulmonary edema, and death. No effective drug has been approved for clinical use. This study investigated the antiviral effects of flavonoids against EV-A71. An in vitro inhibitor screening assay using recombinant EV-A71 3C protease (3Cpro) demonstrated fisetin and rutin inhibiting 3Cpro(More)
RNA interference (RNAi) is a sequence-specific, post-transcriptional process of mRNA degradation induced by small interfering RNA molecules. In this report, RNAi strategy was exploited to treat the infection of enterovirus 71 (EV71), considered as one of the most virulent pathogens that can cause severe complications in the family of Picornaviridae. We(More)
Enterovirus 71 (EV71) is a causative agent of an array of childhood diseases with severe neurological manifestations implicated. EV71 infection is known to induce caspase-dependent apoptosis in cell cultures and animal models. However, whether an alternative apoptotic pathway independent of caspase activation can be triggered by EV71 infection has not been(More)
The aim of the present study was to evaluate the impact of highly active antiretroviral therapy (HAART) on HIV viral load of plasma and intraocular fluids in AIDS patients with ophthalmic opportunistic infections. We further compared the treatment effect of HAART on these patients. From June 1997 to July 2003, we examined and followed up the ophthalmic(More)
Pandemic infection or reemergence of Enterovirus 71 (EV71) and coxsackievirus A16 (CVA16) occurs in tropical and subtropical regions, being associated with hand-foot-and-mouth disease, herpangina, aseptic meningitis, brain stem encephalitis, pulmonary edema, and paralysis. However, effective therapeutic drugs against EV71 and CVA16 are rare. Kalanchoe(More)
A real-time assay system that allows monitoring of intracellular human enterovirus (HEV) protease activity was established using the principle of fluorescence resonance energy transfer (FRET). It was accomplished by engineering cells to constitutively express a genetically encoded FRET probe. The FRET-based probe was designed to contain an enterovirus 71 3C(More)
An in vivo protease assay suitable for analysis by fluorescence resonance energy transfer (FRET) was developed on the basis of a novel FRET pair. The specifically designed fusion substrate consists of green fluorescent protein 2 (GFP2)-peptide-red fluorescent protein 2 (DsRed2), with a cleavage motif for the enterovirus 2A protease (2Apro) embedded within(More)
Enterovirus (EV) infection has been shown to cause a marked shutoff of host protein synthesis, an event mainly achieved through the cleavages of eukaryotic translation initiation factors eIF4GI and eIF4GII that are mediated by viral 2A protease (2A(pro)). Using fluorescence resonance energy transfer (FRET), we developed genetically encoded and FRET-based(More)
Enterovirus 71 (EV71) causes life-threatening diseases with neurological manifestations in young children. However, the treatment of EV71 infections remains an unmet medical need. Idarubicin (IDR) is an anthracycline compound that is used therapeutically for certain types of tumour. In this study, we identified IDR as an EV71 inhibitor, which displayed(More)