Szonja Vamos

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Thrombin, the ultimate enzyme in the blood coagulation cascade, has prominent actions on various cells, including neurons. As in platelets, thrombin increases [Ca2+]i mobilization in neurons, and also retracts neurites. Both these effects are mediated through a G protein-coupled, proteolytically activated receptor for thrombin (PAR-1). Prolonged exposure to(More)
Iron uptake by cells may increase the intracellular pool of prooxidant iron prior to storage of iron within ferritin. Because hyperoxia is toxic to alveolar macrophages (AM) via mechanisms involving oxidant stress, we hypothesized that iron uptake by AM might promote hyperoxia-induced injury. To assess this hypothesis, we cultured AM recovered from healthy(More)
Bradykinin (BK) induces intracellular calcium ([Ca2+]i) release in Madin-Darby canine kidney (MDCK) cells. During long-term continuous BK exposure, cells become desensitized and fail to respond to a new BK stimulus. We used a protocol of repeated short-term BK addition and removal. MDCK cells were loaded with the Ca-indicator indo-1 and were exposed to BK(More)
Objective: India is home to the third-largest number of people living with HIV in the world, and no-cost antiretroviral therapy (ART) has been available across the country since 2004. However, rates of adherence to ART are often subpar in India, and interventions to increase adherence are warranted. Cognitive impairment and depression have been associated(More)
  • D L Jones, S M Weiss, D Waldrop-Valverde, N Chitalu, M Mumbi, S Vamos
  • 2008
Following the trial of a sexual risk reduction intervention conducted at the University Teaching Hospital (UTH) in Lusaka, Zambia, this pilot study sought to evaluate the feasibility of conducting the intervention at the Community Health Center (CHC) level. UTH staff implemented assessments and the intervention while CHC staff provided logistic and(More)
Intracellular calcium ([Ca2+]i) and hydrogen ion concentrations (pHi) are important regulators of cell function. Those ions also may interact and it is important, therefore, to measure their concentrations simultaneously. In the present studies we used a system developed for that purpose, a fluorescent emission ratio technique for simultaneous analysis of(More)
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