Szabolcs Osvath

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Hyperfluorescent intensity maxima during protein unfolding titrations are often taken as a sign for a thermodynamic folding intermediate. Here we explore another possibility: that hyperfluorescence could be the signature of a "pretransition" conformationally loosened native state. To model such native states, we study mutants of a fluorescent ubiquitin(More)
3-phosphoglycerate kinase (PGK) is a typical two-domain hinge-bending enzyme with a well-structured interdomain region. The mechanism of domain-domain interaction and its regulation by substrate binding is not yet fully understood. Here the existence of strong cooperativity between the two domains was demonstrated by following heat transitions of pig muscle(More)
We recently reported stretched kinetics during the formation of a collapsed, long-lived intermediate state of the large two-domain enzyme phosphoglycerate kinase (PGK). It was postulated that intrinsic roughness of the energy landscape on the way downhill to the intermediate causes the lack of a single time-scale. Here, we investigate several alternative(More)
Electrochromic absorbance change and light gradient photovoltage measurements were carried out in chloroplast thylakoid membranes embedded in different compositions of gels. The goal was to find a system suitable for determining the dependence of the amplitude of the anomalous light gradient photovoltage signal, with opposite sign with respect to the(More)
Due to the relationship between compressibility and volume fluctuations, high-pressure studies provide vital insight into protein dynamics and function. Most high-pressure experiments were performed on small and fast folding proteins or model peptides. Here we show that a detailed kinetic study is necessary to extract reliable information from the(More)
One of the most intriguing predictions of energy landscape models is the existence of non-exponential protein folding kinetics caused by hierarchical structures in the landscapes. Here we provide the strongest evidence so far of such hierarchy and determine the time constants and weights of the kinetic components of the suggested hierarchic energy(More)
Proline isomerization is well known to cause additional slow phases during protein refolding. We address a new question: does the presence of prolines significantly affect the very fast kinetics that lead to the formation of folding intermediates? We examined both the very slow (10-100 min) and very fast (4 micro s-2.5 ms) folding kinetics of the two-domain(More)
Spectral and kinetic characteristics of fluorescence from isolated reaction centers of photosynthetic purple bacteria Rhodobacter sphaeroides and Rhodobacter capsulatus were measured at room temperature under rectangular shape of excitation at 810 nm. The kinetics of fluorescence at 915 nm reflected redox changes due to light and dark reactions in the donor(More)
There are proteins that are built of two structural domains and are deposited full-length in amyloid plaques formed in various diseases. In spite of the known differences in the mechanisms of folding of single- and multidomain proteins, no published studies can be found that address the role of the domain-domain interactions during misfolding and amyloid(More)
The structure and activity of native horseradish peroxidase C (HRP) is stabilized by two bound Ca(2+) ions. Earlier studies suggested a critical role of one of the bound Ca(2+) ions but with conflicting conclusions concerning their respective importance. In this work we compare the native and totally Ca(2+)-depleted forms of the enzyme using pH-, pressure-,(More)