Sys Stybe Johansen

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An UPLC-TOF-MS method for simultaneous screening and quantification of 52 drugs in hair was developed and validated. The selected drugs represent the most common classes of pharmaceuticals and drugs of abuse such as amphetamines, analgesics, antidepressants, antipsychotics, benzodiazepines, cocaine, ketamine and opioids. Hair samples were extracted with(More)
The stimulant designer drug mephedrone is a derivative of cathinone - a monoamine alkaloid found in khat - and its effect resembles that of 3,4-Methylenedioxymethamphetamine (MDMA). Abuse of mephedrone has been documented since 2007; it was originally a 'legal high' drug, but it has now been banned in most Western countries. Using cDNA-expressed CYP enzymes(More)
CONTEXT Both hallucinogens and 3,4-methylenedioxymethamphetamine (MDMA or "ecstasy") have direct agonistic effects on postsynaptic serotonin(2A) receptors, the key site for hallucinogenic actions. In addition, MDMA is a potent releaser and reuptake inhibitor of presynaptic serotonin. OBJECTIVE To assess the differential effects of MDMA and hallucinogen(More)
A broad forensic screening method for 256 analytes in whole blood based on a fully automated SPE robotic extraction and ultra-high-performance liquid chromatography (UHPLC) with TOF-MS with data-independent acquisition has been developed. The limit of identification was evaluated for all 256 compounds and 95 of these compounds were validated with regard to(More)
The transformation of quinoline, isoquinoline and 3-, 4-, 6- and 8-methylquinoline by Desulfobacterium indolicum was compared with that of the N-containing analogues indole and 1-, 2-, 3- and 7-methylindole. The metabolites were identified using high-performance liquid chromatography with UV detection, thin-layer chromatography, combined gas(More)
A liquid chromatography mass spectrometric (LC/MS/MS) method has been developed for the determination of LSD, iso-LSD and the metabolite 2-oxo-3-hydroxy-LSD in forensic applications. The procedure involves liquid-liquid extraction of the analytes and LSD-D3 (internal standard) from 1.0 g whole blood or 1.0 ml urine with butyl acetate at pH 9.8. Confirmation(More)
A chiral liquid chromatography-tandem mass spectrometry method was developed for the measurement of methadone and 2-ethyl-1,5-dimethyl-3,3-diphenylpyrrolinium (EDDP) enantiomers in postmortem blood. Blood (0.100 g) was mixed with water and aqueous methadone-d(3) and EDDP-d(3) solutions. After addition of NaOH, extraction was carried out with butyl acetate.(More)
AIM In forensic toxicology it is important to have specific and sensitive analysis for quantification of illicit drugs in biological matrices. This paper describes a quantitative method for determination of cocaine and its major metabolites (ecgonine methyl ester, benzoylecgonine, norcocaine and ethylene cocaine) in whole blood and urine by liquid(More)
Postmortem femoral blood concentrations of the calcium blocker amlodipine were determined by LC-MS-MS and compiled for the years 2003-2010. The cause of death was classified as unrelated to amlodipine in 38 cases in which the concentration ranged from 0.006 to 0.13 mg/kg (median 0.048 mg/kg), a range that exceeds published in vivo therapeutic serum levels(More)
The aim of this study was to develop a quantitative gas chromatography mass spectrometry (GC-MS) method to determine the classical amphetamines and their methylenedioxylated derivatives in human hair. The procedure involved liquid-liquid extraction of hydrolysed hair spiked with deuterated internal standards and direct derivatization with perfluorooctanoyl(More)