Syojiro Kyotani

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Sho-saiko-to, one of the most widely used Chinese herbal preparations, has long been used for the treatment of chronic liver diseases. We have investigated its effect in retarding the process of liver fibrosis and accelerating liver regeneration, especially its effect on Ito cells that are thought to be deeply involved with liver fibrosis. Sho-saiko-to(More)
To examine the effects of Sho-saiko-to extract on liver fibrosis, the drug was administered to rats with dimethylnitrosamine-induced liver-injury at various doses. Hydroxyproline and retinoid levels in the liver were measured as indicators of liver function. In liver-injured rats, the hydroxyproline level in the liver (957+/- 154nmol g(-1)) was about(More)
cis-Diamminedichloroplatinum(II) (CDDP) albumin microspheres were prepared with various chitin concentrations and microsphere CDDP contents, specific surface area, surface structure and other microsphere properties. CDDP release in vitro and the antitumor effect in VX2 tumor model rabbits were investigated. CDDP content was increased as the concentration of(More)
In this study, we investigated the effects of an Eriobotrya japonica seed extract (ESE) on mucositis using a 5-fluorouracil (5-FU)-induced mucositis hamster model. This model was prepared by intraperitoneally administering 90 mg/kg of 5-FU to hamsters on Day 1, scratching 1 cm(2) of the left cheek pouch of hamsters with a wire brush on Days 2, 3, and 4, and(More)
To examine the effects of Sho-saiko-to extract on liver regeneration, Sho-saiko-to extract (0.75%, 1.5% or 3%) was administered to 70% partial hepatectomized rats with dimethylnitrosamine-induced liver-injury. S phase cell number, liver retinoid levels, hepatocyte growth factor (HGF) and transforming growth factor-beta (TGF-beta) levels in each intraorgan(More)
We prepared chitin-containing cis-diamminedichloroplatinum(II) (CDDP) albumin microspheres with various particle sizes, and investigated in vitro CDDP release; the antitumor effect towards VX2 tumor introduced into rabbits was then examined. It was found that the rate of release of CDDP from chitin-containing CDDP albumin microspheres in vitro was increased(More)
We investigated in vitro the properties of glycyrrhizin (GL), such as dissolution, absorption and resolution, using a Sho-Seiryu-To extract, a Sho-Saiko-To extract, both including a licorice root, and licorice extract. The dissolution of GL differed with the pH of the solvent. The absorption (partition coefficient) of GL decreased with an increase in pH,(More)
As an effective therapy for hepatocellular carcinoma, hepatic arterial chemo-embolization therapy has been widely used, and many embolizing materials have been extensively investigated. In the present study, we prepared various types of cis-diamminedichloroplatinum(II) (CDDP) albumin microspheres using chitin and chitosan, both of which have attracted(More)
We developed chitin-containing cisplatin (CDDP) albumin microspheres (MS). We also investigated physical properties of MS in vitro, anti-tumor effect of MS in VX2 tumor model rabbits in vivo and clinical evaluation of MS. The CDDP contents, specific surface areas and yield of MS increased with an increase in the concentration of chitin. These findings(More)
Cisplatin (CDDP) containing albumin microspheres and microcapsules incorporating biodegradable macromolecules, chitin and chitosan, were prepared, and their CDDP content and releasing ability and susceptibility to various enzymes were examined. Chitin was incorporated during preparation of the microspheres, while chitosan was used to treat preformed(More)