Syoji Matsumoto

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PURPOSE To characterize the pharmacology of endothelin-induced changes in phospholipase C (PLC) activity, intracellular calcium concentration ([Ca2+]i) and cyclic adenosine monophosphate (cAMP) in cultured human ciliary muscle (HCM) cells. METHODS Changes in PLC activity of HCM cells were determined by production of [3H] inositol phosphates. [Ca2+]i was(More)
PURPOSE To study the effects of natriuretic peptides on cyclic guanosine monophosphate (cGMP) production and calcium mobilization in cultured human ocular cells. METHODS Cultured simian virus 40-transformed (HTM-3) and nontransformed (HTM-16) human trabecular meshwork (TM) cells and nontransformed human ciliary muscle (CM) cells were used. Accumulation of(More)
PURPOSE To characterize the pharmacology of the carbachol-induced changes of phospholipase C (PLC) activity and intracellular calcium concentration ([Ca2+]i) in cultured human ciliary muscle cells. METHODS Changes in PLC activity of cultured human ciliary muscle cells were determined by production of inositol phosphates. Single-cell dynamic fluorescence(More)
Muscarinic agonist-induced contraction of the ciliary muscle is generally believed to increase aqueous outflow facility and effect accommodation. We used cultured human ciliary muscle cells as a model to study the muscarinic receptor subtype(s) involved in the contractile response of the muscle. Thus, a single cell contraction assay for these muscle cells(More)
We examined the effects of endothelin-1 (ET-1) on [Ca2+]i and intracellular pH in cultured bovine trabecular meshwork cells and compared the effects of ET-1 with those of angiotensin II (another phospholipase C activating peptide). [Ca2+]i was measured with the Ca2+ fluorescent dye indo-1. Intracellular pH was measured using the pH sensitive fluorescent dye(More)
OBJECTIVE The aims were to examine the effect of beta adrenergic stimulation on the intracellular pH (pHi) and to compare it with that of alpha adrenergic stimulation in ventricular myocardium. METHODS Using conventional and ion selective electrodes membrane potential and pHi were measured simultaneously in quiescent papillary muscles of guinea pigs in(More)
Topical application of nitro vasodilators, such as sodium nitroprusside, reduces intraocular pressure. In brain and blood vessels, nitro vasodilators activate soluble guanylyl cyclases, producing cGMP. The location and molecular identity of ocular guanylyl cyclases are unknown. We studied transformed human non-pigmented ciliary epithelial cells, whose(More)
Effects of carotid body chemoreceptor stimulation by 5-hydroxytryptamine (5-HT) on the phrenic nerve activity and ventilation were studied by injecting it into the external carotid artery of the rabbits. 5-HT induced an immediate and transient increase of ventilatory rate which became more pronounced with increasing the dose, but it was accompanied by(More)
Effects of vagal stimulation and carotid body chemoreceptor stimulating agents on phrenic nerve activity were studied in vagotomized rabbits. The decreases of TI and IPA were proportional to the increase of stimulus frequency and these inhibitory effects were rapidly reversed after vagal stimulation was discontinued. The continuous vagal stimulation at low(More)
Corticosteroid is generally accepted as a standard therapeutic agent for active inflammatory (and) autoimmune eye diseases. In an attempt to develop a system to deliver corticosteroid most efficiently to the target eye, a sialyl-Lewis X (sLe(x))-conjugated liposome was adopted as a candidate for a carrier of dexamethasone (Dexa) and tissue distribution of(More)
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