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Increased fracture risk, traditionally associated with type 1 diabetes, has lately been of great concern in patients with type 2 diabetes. A variable increase in fracture risk has been reported, ranging from 20% to 3-fold, depending on skeletal site, diabetes duration and study design. Longer disease duration, the presence of diabetic complications,(More)
OBJECTIVE To evaluate the time course of leptin, adiponectin, and resting energy expenditure (REE) responses in overweight elderly males after acute resistance exercise protocols of various intensity configurations. RESEARCH DESIGN AND METHODS Forty inactive men (65-82 years) were randomly assigned to one of four groups (n = 10/group): control,(More)
CONTEXT AND OBJECTIVE Weight-bearing exercise during growth exerts positive effects on the skeleton. Our objective was to test the hypothesis that long-term elite rhythmic gymnastics exerts positive effects on volumetric bone mineral density and geometry and to determine whether exercise-induced bone adaptation is associated with increased periosteal bone(More)
OBJECTIVE The unique pharmacokinetics of bisphosphonates (BPs) in conjunction with their use by an increasing number of women at reproductive age has raised serious concerns about their safety during pregnancy and lactation. Bisphosphonates cross the placenta. Animal studies have shown adverse effects on both the fetus and the mother, mostly at doses much(More)
Studies in postmenopausal women have identified sclerostin as a strong candidate for mediating estrogen effects on the skeleton. The effects of estradiol on sclerostin and Dickkopf-1 in younger women remain unclear. The main purpose of this study is to investigate the impact of estradiol and gonadotrophins fluctuations during the menstrual cycle on(More)
Strontium ranelate (SR) is a novel antiosteoporotic agent, electively concentrated in positions of active bone formation, and especially onto the crystal surface that allows permanent exchanges with extracellular fluid. Although the mechanism(s) of action is still under rigorous research, SR appears to reduce bone resorption by decreasing osteoclast(More)
CONTEXT Primary hyperparathyroidism (PH) is characterized by inappropriate PTH elevation with or without hypercalcemia. Bone disease involves catabolic action at cortical sites, whereas cancellous sites and geometry might be relatively preserved. OBJECTIVE Our objective was to examine the effect of PH on quantitative and qualitative bone characteristics(More)
BACKGROUND Many clinical and laboratory observations give support to the hypothesis that strict metabolic control by insulin infusion during acute coronary events may improve the ischemic damage and prognosis. HYPOTHESIS We investigated the impact of intensive insulin treatment on fibrinolytic parameters during an acute ischemic myocardial event (unstable(More)
This study determined dietary intake and energy balance of elite premenarcheal rhythmic gymnasts during their preseason training. Forty rhythmic gymnasts and 40 sedentary age-matched females (10-12 yrs) participated in the study. Anthropometric profile and skeletal ages were determined. Dietary intake and physical activity were assessed to estimate daily(More)