Sylwia Kwasniewska

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Laser cyclophotocoagulation is an accepted method of cyclodestruction, such as cyclocryothermy and the application of cyclodiathermy, microwaves and ultrasound. These procedures may be considered as ultima ratios or 'last-resort interventions'. Also, in cases where surgery is not possible, cyclodestruction may be the initial intervention. Among other(More)
cw-Nd:YAG laser radiation was effective in producing blood flow stasis within arteries (35-40 microns in diameter) of pigmented rabbit mesentery (beam spot size: 80 microns; fluence: 2 x 10(4) J cm-2) and choroid (beam spot size: 200 microns; fluence: 6 x 10(2) J cm-2). However, the mechanism by which this was achieved differed in each case, and depended(More)
The effects of a neodymium: YAG laser, working in the free-running mode (1 and 20 millisecond pulses), upon the ciliary body via the transscleral route have been studied using 16 autopsy eyes. The experiments described were designed to find an efficient strategy of transscleral cyclodestruction of the ciliary body. It was found that pulse energies of(More)
Long-term changes in the vascular network of rabbit ciliary processes induced by Nd:YAG laser cyclophotocoagulation were examined both from a morphological viewpoint and with respect to three-dimensional organization (in vascular casts). Relative changes in intraocular pressure (IOP), monitored within eyes irradiated across one-quarter, one-half,(More)
A neodymium-YAG laser, operating in its free-running mode with pulse durations of 10 to 20 ms, was used to treat 63 cases of choroidal and retinal diseases. These cases included diabetic background retinopathies, thrombosis of the central retinal vein or branch retinal vein, neovascular membranes under the pigment epithelium, and retinal breaks or(More)
This is a review of optical methods related to biomicroscopy and laser treatment of the posterior segment of the eye. Contact lenses can be used to observe optical structures and couple laser radiation into the eye for a vast range of conditions and techniques. A small laser spot size is indispensable for photodisruptive work, though this requires a large(More)
Strands and vitreous adhesion bands can either be dissected noninvasively, transpupillarily by photodisruptive pulses of a Nd:YAG laser, operated in the photodisruptive mode, or invasively using an Er:YAG laser and specialized fibers. The previously used CO(2), Ho:YAG, and ultraviolet lasers have become less popular in the recent past. When using the(More)
The morphological effects of trabeculectomy, performed as therapy for a case of chronic simple glaucoma, are described in the two eyes of a patient ten and thirteen months after treatment. Ten months after surgery, a transscleral channel, extending from the position formerly occupied by Schlemm's canal to the conjunctiva, is found. This channel is formed(More)
In a morphological study, the long-term effects of transscleral cyclophotocoagulation on rabbits using the free-running Nd: YAG laser with either a contact or a non-contact delivery system are described. A marked atrophy of the irradiated ciliary processes may be observed. Regeneration of the ciliary epithelial layers is incomplete at least up to 8 months(More)
We present an overview concerning the current status of photodisruptive methods used in the treatment of pathologic changes in the vitreous space. In one series of 320 cases studied, 65% of the planned dissections of pathologic structures were successful. In a second series of 34 more complicated cases, the success rate was even lower. Complications(More)