Sylvie Tutois

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An analysis of Arabidopsis thaliana heterochromatic regions allowed the identification of a new family of retroelements called Athila. These 10.5 kb elements, representing ca. 0.3% of the genome, present several features of retrotransposons and retroviruses. Athila elements are flanked by 1.5 kb long terminal repeats (LTR) that are themselves bounded by 5(More)
The identification of a family of SINE retroposons dispersed in the genome of oilseed rape Brassica napus has provided the basis for an evolutionary analysis of retroposition in plants. The repetitive elements (called S1Bn) are 170 by long and occupy roughly 500 loci by haploid genome. They present characteristic features of SINE retroposons such as a 3′(More)
An analysis of Arabidopsis thaliana heterochromatic regions revealed that genomic sequences immediately flanking the major 180 bp satellite are essentially made of middle repetitive sequences and that most of these sequences correspond to defective Athila retroelements. Using YAC and λ clones, we evaluated the distribution of Athila elements in the(More)
A physical map of a pericentromeric region of chromosome 5 containing a 5S rDNA locus and spanning approximately 1000 kb was established using the CIC YAC clones. Three 5S rDNA arrays were resolved in this YAC contig by PFGE analysis and we have mapped different types of sequences between these three blocks. 5S rDNA units from each of these three arrays of(More)
One major 5S RNA, 120 bases long, was revealed by an analysis of mature 5S RNA from tissues, developmental stages, and polysomes in Arabidopsis thaliana. Minor 5S RNA were also found, varying from the major one by one or two base substitutions; 5S rDNA units from each 5S array of the Arabidopsis genome were isolated by PCR using CIC yeast artificial(More)
The Arabidopsis thaliana CIC YAC 2D2, 510 kb long and containing a small block of 180 bp satellite units was subcloned after EcoR1 digestion in the pBluescript plasmid. One of these clones was mapped genetically in the pericentromeric region of chromosome 5. The analysis of 40 subclones of this YAC showed that they all contain repeated sequences with a high(More)
In vivo, we have already shown that only two of the 5S rDNA array blocks of the Arabidopsis thaliana genome produce the mature 5S rRNAs. Deletions and point mutations were introduced in an Arabidopsis 5S rDNA-transcribed region and its 5'- and 3'-flanks in order to analyse their effects on transcription activity. In vitro transcription revealed different(More)
A viable autosomal recessive mutation (named fch, or ferrochelatase deficiency) causing jaundice and anemia in mice arose in a mutagenesis experiment using ethylnitrosourea. Homozygotes (fch/fch) display a hemolytic anemia, photosensitivity, cholestasis, and severe hepatic dysfunction. Protoporphyrin is found at high concentration in erythrocytes, serum,(More)
Positional cloning of two recessive mutations of the mouse that cause polysyndactyly (dan and mdig-Chr 2) confirmed that the gene encoding MEGF7/LRP4, a member of the low-density lipoprotein receptor family, plays an essential role in the process of digit differentiation. Pathologies observed in the mutant mice provide insight into understanding the(More)
The Arabidopsis thaliana genome comprises around 1,000 copies of 5S rRNA genes encoding both major and minor 5S rRNAs. In mature wild-type leaves, the minor 5S rRNA genes are silent. Using different mutants of DNA methyltransferases (met1, cmt3 and met1 cmt3), components of the RNAi pathway (ago4) or post-translational histone modifier (hda6/sil1), we show(More)