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In Drosophila, cells are thought to be singled out for a neural fate through a competitive mechanism based on lateral inhibition mediated by Delta-Notch signalling. In tetrapod vertebrates, nascent neurons express the Delta1 gene and thereby deliver lateral inhibition to their neighbours, but it is not clear how these cells are singled out within the(More)
Neural stem cells that continue to produce neurons are retained in the adult hippocampal dentate gyrus. The mechanisms by which embryonic neural progenitors expand and transform into postnatal neural stem cells, an essential process for the continual production of neurons throughout life, remain unknown. We found that radial astrocytes, the postnatal(More)
Cerebello-oculo-renal syndrome (CORS), also called Joubert syndrome type B, and Meckel (MKS) syndrome belong to the group of developmental autosomal recessive disorders that are associated with primary cilium dysfunction. Using SNP mapping, we identified missense and truncating mutations in RPGRIP1L (KIAA1005) in both CORS and MKS, and we show that(More)
We have shown previously that the inactivation of the zinc finger gene Krox-20 affects hindbrain segmentation, resulting in the elimination of rhombomeres 3 and 5. We demonstrate here that Krox-20 homozygous mutant mice exhibit abnormally slow respiratory and jaw opening rhythms, indicating that a modification of hindbrain segmentation influences the(More)
Mouse liver induction occurs via the acquisition of ventral endoderm competence to respond to inductive signals from adjacent mesoderm, followed by hepatic specification. Little is known about the regulatory circuit involved in these processes. Through the analysis of vHnf1 (Hnf1b)-deficient embryos, generated by tetraploid embryo complementation, we(More)
The morphogenesis of the vertebrate hindbrain involves a transient segmentation process leading to the formation of reiterated organisation units called rhombomeres (r). A number of regulatory genes expressed with a rhombomere-specific pattern have been identified, including the gene encoding the transcription factor Krox-20, which is restricted to r3 and(More)
Primary cilia have essential functions in vertebrate development and signaling. However, little is known about cilia function in brain morphogenesis, a process that is severely affected in human ciliopathies. Here, we study telencephalic morphogenesis in a mouse mutant for the ciliopathy gene Ftm (Rpgrip1l). We show that the olfactory bulbs are present in(More)
To better understand hereditary spastic paraplegia (HSP), we characterized the function of atlastin, a protein that is frequently involved in juvenile forms of HSP, by analyzing loss- and gain-of-function phenotypes in the developing zebrafish. We found that knockdown of the gene for atlastin (atl1) caused a severe decrease in larval mobility that was(More)
The keratinocyte line SK-v harbors only integrated human papillomavirus type 16 (HPV 16) DNA sequences, although it originated from vulvar Bowenoid papules predominantly containing multiple copies of free HPV 16 genomes. We have cloned a fragment of cell DNA that contains the integrated HPV 16 DNA sequences and have shown that integration interrupts the HPV(More)
The transmembrane semaphorin protein Sema6A is broadly expressed in the developing nervous system. Sema6A repels several classes of developing axons in vitro and contributes to thalamocortical axon guidance in vivo. Here we show that during cerebellum development, Sema6A is selectively expressed by postmitotic granule cells during their tangential migration(More)