Sylvie Raison

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Serotonin (5-HT) is involved in both photic and non-photic synchronization of the mammalian biological clock located in the suprachiasmatic nuclei (SCN). We have previously demonstrated that tryptophan hydroxylase protein (TPH), the rate-limiting enzyme of 5-HT synthesis, shows circadian rhythmicity in the pathways projecting from the raphe nuclei to the(More)
Tryptophan hydroxylase (TPH, the rate-limiting enzyme of serotonin synthesis) protein and mRNA levels display a circadian expression in the rat dorsal and median raphe. These patterns suggest a rhythmic synthesis of serotonin under the control of the master clock of suprachiasmatic nuclei. In the present study, we examined the involvement of endocrine and(More)
The Syrian hamster (Mesocricetus auratus) is a widely used species for the study of biological clock synchronization and photoperiodism. The serotoninergic system arising from the median (MnR) and the dorsal raphé (DR) is a major actor in circadian clock synchronization. This serotoninergic system is also associated with functions and behaviours influenced(More)
Serotonin (5-HT) plays an important role in the regulation of the time-keeping system in rodents. In the present study, we have investigated the interplay between the rhythms of 5-HT synthesis and release in the suprachiasmatic nuclei (SCN) of the rat. The quantitative distribution of tryptophan hydroxylase (TpH) protein was used as an index of 5-HT(More)
THY-Tau22 mice constitute an animal model for tau aggregation, a hallmark in Alzheimer's disease (AD) and Tauopathies. Our previous studies have shown learning and memory deficits and changes in synaptic plasticity in the hippocampus in THY-Tau22 mice that are consistent with the learning impairments seen in AD-patients. However, behavioral disturbances are(More)
The plasticity of tyrosine hydroxylase (TH) phenotype in the locus coeruleus (LC) of two pure inbred strains of mice, Balb/C (C) and C57Black/6 (B6), was investigated at the molecular level by radioactive in situ hybridization. The results demonstrated that in basal conditions, C mouse LC contains less TH-mRNA-expressing cells than B6. After RU(More)
A recently developed technique of immunoautoradiography on nitrocellulose transfers of serial frozen sections was used to determine tryptophan hydroxylase concentration in selected areas of the adult rat brain following neonatal 6-hydroxydopamine destruction of nigrostriatal dopamine neurons. Particular attention was paid to the neostriatum, known to be(More)
The in vivo relationship between the amounts of tryptophan hydroxylase (TPH) protein and its intrinsic synthetic activity, measured by quantifying the amounts of alpha-[3H]methyl-5-hydroxytryptamine (alpha-[3H]M5-HT), is reported in cell body and terminal areas of intact and disturbed serotonergic neurons following a unilateral 5,7-dihydroxytryptamine(More)
The elemental content of rat peritoneal mast-cell secretory granules has been measured by X-ray micro-analysis. Two distinct categories of granules were analyzed: intact granules, seen in control samples, and spumous granules, corresponding to exocytosed granule matrices. The average Ca content of intact granules was found to be approximately equal to(More)
Electrophysiological studies combined with local neurotoxic lesions were conducted on anaesthetized rats in order to determine whether the dorsal raphe nucleus (DRN) inhibits the intergeniculate leaflet (IGL) of the lateral geniculate nucleus by means of innervation by serotonin-containing fibres. In the control animals, electrical stimulation of the DRN(More)