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The human cytochrome CYP2A13, which is mainly expressed in the respiratory tract, has been shown to be highly efficient in vitro in the metabolism of tobacco-smoke carcinogens and procarcinogens such as 4-methylnitroso-1-(3-pyridyl)-1-butanone (NNK). In order to investigate the extent of CYP2A13 genetic polymorphism in a French Caucasian population of 102(More)
AIMS The protease inhibitor indinavir is characterized by an important interindividual pharmacokinetic variability, which results from the actions of the metabolizing enzymes cytochrome P450 (CYP) 3A and the multidrug efflux pump P-glycoprotein (P-gp), encoded by MDR1. Using a population pharmacokinetic approach, we investigated the effect of several MDR1(More)
The genetic polymorphism affecting the CYP3A5 enzyme is responsible for interindividual and interethnic variability in the metabolism of CYP3A5 substrates. The full extent of the CYP3A5 genetic polymorphism was analysed in French Caucasian, Gabonese and Tunisian populations using a polymerase chain reaction-single strand conformational polymorphism(More)
PURPOSE The interindividual variability of vincristine pharmacokinetics is quite large, but the origins of this variability are not properly understood. The aim of this study was to develop a population pharmacokinetic model of vincristine in a paediatric population treated for solid tumour disease and evaluate the impact of different ABCB1, CYP3A4 and(More)
Despite significant progress in the discovery and design of drugs, the interindividual variability to the standard dose of a given drug remains a serious problem in clinical practice. In the future, the aim of pharmacogenetic is to provide new strategies for optimizing drug therapy, both in terms of efficacy and safety. The clinical validation of an(More)
Irinotecan is a cytotoxic agent administered by IV infusion in the treatment of advanced colorectal cancer. Its anticancer activity results from its bioactivation into SN-38 metabolite, which is cleared through glucuronidation by the hepatic enzyme uridine diphosphate-glucuronosyltransferase 1A1 (UGT1A1). In the general population, there is wide(More)
PURPOSE The aim of this study was to investigate the impact of plasma and intracellular exposure and CYP3A4, CYP3A5, and ABCB1 polymorphisms on vincristine neurotoxicity. We subsequently assessed the impact of ABCB1 polymorphisms on intracellular vincristine accumulation. METHODS Children treated for solid tumors were enrolled in the study (n = 26) and(More)
Irinotecan is a major drug in the treatment of advanced colorectal cancer. Its active form is the SN38 metabolite, which is cleared by the biliary route after glucuronidation by uridine diphosphate-glucuronosyltransferase 1A1 (UGT1A1). UGT1A1 activity exhibits a wide intersubject variability, in part related to UGT1A1 gene polymorphisms. The present review(More)
We describe a two-step predictive method to assess the probability of bacterial etiology in cases of diarrhea. The patients are divided into three probability groups (high, intermediate, low) according to a clinical score. Thereafter the patients in the intermediate group are further assigned to the high or low probability group according to the presence or(More)
BACKGROUND Raltegravir is the first human immunodeficiency virus-1 (HIV-1) integrase inhibitor used in treatment-experienced patients who have evidence of viral replication and HIV-1 strains resistance to multiple antiretroviral regimens. Etravirine is a novel NNRTI, active against HIV-1 strains harboring multiple NNRTI mutations. A liquid(More)