Sylvie Quaranta

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The human cytochrome CYP2A13, which is mainly expressed in the respiratory tract, has been shown to be highly efficient in vitro in the metabolism of tobacco-smoke carcinogens and procarcinogens such as 4-methylnitroso-1-(3-pyridyl)-1-butanone (NNK). In order to investigate the extent of CYP2A13 genetic polymorphism in a French Caucasian population of 102(More)
Irinotecan is a major drug in the treatment of advanced colorectal cancer. Its active form is the SN38 metabolite, which is cleared by the biliary route after glucuronidation by uridine diphosphate-glucuronosyltransferase 1A1 (UGT1A1). UGT1A1 activity exhibits a wide intersubject variability, in part related to UGT1A1 gene polymorphisms. The present review(More)
AIMS The protease inhibitor indinavir is characterized by an important interindividual pharmacokinetic variability, which results from the actions of the metabolizing enzymes cytochrome P450 (CYP) 3A and the multidrug efflux pump P-glycoprotein (P-gp), encoded by MDR1. Using a population pharmacokinetic approach, we investigated the effect of several MDR1(More)
Despite significant progress in the discovery and design of drugs, the interindividual variability to the standard dose of a given drug remains a serious problem in clinical practice. In the future, the aim of pharmacogenetic is to provide new strategies for optimizing drug therapy, both in terms of efficacy and safety. The clinical validation of an(More)
The human milk fat globule membrane protein composition is still largely unknown, although it counts for 2-4% of the total milk protein content and contains several important biologically active components. The aim of this work was to create a two-dimensional electrophoresis (2-DE) map of the human milk fat globule membrane proteins, both integral and(More)
The genetic polymorphism affecting the CYP3A5 enzyme is responsible for interindividual and interethnic variability in the metabolism of CYP3A5 substrates. The full extent of the CYP3A5 genetic polymorphism was analysed in French Caucasian, Gabonese and Tunisian populations using a polymerase chain reaction-single strand conformational polymorphism(More)
The interindividual variability of vincristine pharmacokinetics is quite large, but the origins of this variability are not properly understood. The aim of this study was to develop a population pharmacokinetic model of vincristine in a paediatric population treated for solid tumour disease and evaluate the impact of different ABCB1, CYP3A4 and CYP3A5(More)
The cytochrome P450 3A5 (CYP3A5) has been shown to be highly involved in the metabolism of many therapeutic agents. To date, several polymorphisms affecting the CYP3A5 gene have been identified but few studies have shown a complete description of the variability of the CYP3A5 in the French population. Therefore, the extent of CYP3A5 genetic polymorphism was(More)
Irinotecan is a cytotoxic agent administered by IV infusion in the treatment of advanced colorectal cancer. Its anticancer activity results from its bioactivation into SN-38 metabolite, which is cleared through glucuronidation by the hepatic enzyme uridine diphosphate-glucuronosyltransferase 1A1 (UGT1A1). In the general population, there is wide(More)