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Some coagulase negative staphylococci (CNS) species play an important role in the fermentation of meat and milk products and are considered as food-grade. However, the increasing clinical significance of CNS and the presence of undesirable and unsafe properties in CNS question their presence or use in food. Our goal was to assess the safety of CNS by(More)
Nucleoside 2'-deoxyribosyltransferases catalyze the transfer of 2-deoxyribose between bases and have been widely used as biocatalysts to synthesize a variety of nucleoside analogs. The genes encoding nucleoside 2'-deoxyribosyltransferase (ndt) from Lactobacillus leichmannii and Lactobacillus fermentum underwent random mutagenesis to select variants(More)
L-nucleoside analogues such as lamivudine are active for treating viral infections. Like D-nucleosides, the biological activity of the L-enantiomers requires their stepwise phosphorylation by cellular or viral kinases to give the triphosphate. The enantioselectivity of NMP kinases has not been thoroughly studied, unlike that of deoxyribonucleoside kinases.(More)
A series of N(1)-(4-substituted-benzyl)-pyrimidines were synthesized as potential inhibitors of thymidine monophosphate kinase of Mycobacterium tuberculosis (TMPKmt). Key SAR parameters included the chain length substitution in para position of the benzyl ring, the functional group terminating the alkyl chain, and the substituent on the C-5 pyrimidine ring.(More)
Deformylase performs an essential step in the maturation of proteins in eubacteria, by removing the formyl group from the N-terminal methionine residue of ribosome-synthesized polypeptides. In spite of this important role in translation, the enzyme had so far eluded characterization because of its instability. We report the isolation of the deformylase gene(More)
Two groups of 15 multiparous cows in mid-lactation were used in a Latin square design experiment with 4-week experimental periods. The genetic milk protein concentration level was high in the first group and low in the second. Each group of cows was given in a random order three feeding levels that covered 85, 100 and 115% of energy requirements and 90, 110(More)
In the absence of the viral vif gene, human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) may be restricted by the APOBEC3G gene on chromosome 22. The role of the HIV Vif protein is to exclude host cell APOBEC3G from the budding virion. As APOBEC3G shows sequence homology to cytidine deaminases, it is presumed that in the absence of Vif, cytidine residues in the cDNA are(More)
Several reverse transcriptases were studied for their ability to accept anhydrohexitol triphosphates, having a conformationally restricted six-membered ring, as substrate for template-directed synthesis of HNA. It was found that AMV, M-MLV, M-MLV (H(-)), RAV2 and HIV-1 reverse transcriptases were able to recognise the anhydrohexitol triphosphate as(More)
We report that expansion of thioether biosynthesis in Escherichia coli generates sulfur-containing amino acids that can replace meso-diaminopimelate, the essential amino acid used for cross-linking the cell wall. This was accomplished by jointly overexpressing the metB gene coding for L-cystathionine gamma-synthase and disrupting the metC gene, whose(More)
To examine the substrate recognition mechanism of the human MTH1 protein, which hydrolyzes 2-hydroxy-dATP, 8-hydroxy-dATP, and 8-hydroxy-dGTP, ten nucleotide analogs (8-bromo-dATP, 8-bromo-dGTP, deoxyisoinosine triphosphate, 8-hydroxy-dITP, 2-aminopurine-deoxyriboside triphosphate, 2-amino-dATP, deoxyxanthosine triphosphate, deoxyoxanosine triphosphate,(More)