Sylvie Péraldi-Roux

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Evidence is presented showing that a neuronal isoform of nitric oxide synthase (NOS) is expressed in rat pancreatic islets and INS-1 cells. Sequencing of the coding region indicated a 99.8% homology with rat neuronal NOS (nNOS) with four mutations, three of them resulting in modifications of the amino acid sequence. Double-immunofluorescence studies(More)
Using immunoblot, light and electron immunocytochemistry, we investigated the presence and the localization of polypeptides cross-reacting with the monoclonal antibody CC.310 (mAb CC.310), which is mainly directed against a 175K (K = 10(3) Mr) ciliary rootlet protein. In hypothalamic ependymal cultures, the unique antigen recognized by mAb CC.310 was(More)
Human anti-thyroid peroxidase (TPO) autoantibodies (aAb) are generated during autoimmune thyroid diseases (AITD). Within recent years, increasing knowledge of the TPO-specific aAb repertoire, gained mainly by the use of combinatorial library methodology, has led to the cloning and sequencing of around 180 human anti-TPO aAb. Analysis of the immunoglobulin(More)
In an attempt to explore the natural variable heavy and light chain (VH/VL) pairing of autoantibodies involved in Graves' disease, we constructed a phage-displayed Ab library obtained by in-cell PCR of thyroid-infiltrating cells. We report here the molecular cloning and characterization of human single-chain fragment variable regions (scFv) specific for(More)
CONTEXT Thyroid antibody-dependent cytotoxicity has been reported in autoimmune thyroid disease (AITD). Indeed, the role of thyroperoxidase (TPO) autoantibodies (aAbs) in complement-mediated damage by binding to TPO expressed on the surface of human thyroid cells was demonstrated, whereas their activity in antibody-dependent cell cytotoxicity (ADCC) is not(More)
Forty-one single-chain variable region fragments (scFvs) directed against thyroid peroxidase (TPO) were obtained by phage display libraries constructed from thyroid-infiltrating B cells of Graves' disease patients. Among these scFvs, 24.4% used a Vkappa light chain whereas 75.6% shows a light chain of Vlamda origin. Study of light chain gene usage in the(More)
We previously showed that pancreatic beta-cells express neuronal nitric oxide synthase (nNOS) that controls insulin secretion through two catalytic activities: nitric oxide (NO) production and cytochrome c reductase activity. We now provide evidence that the endogenous protein inhibitor of nNOS (PIN) is expressed in rat pancreatic islets and INS-1 cells.(More)
Inappropriate food intake-related obesity and more importantly, visceral adiposity, are major risk factors for the onset of type 2 diabetes. Evidence is emerging that nutriment-induced β-cell dysfunction could be related to indirect induction of a state of low grade inflammation. Our aim was to study whether hyperphagia associated obesity could promote an(More)
The discontinuous immunodominant region (IDR) recognized by autoantibodies directed against the thyroperoxidase (TPO) molecule, a major autoantigen in autoimmune thyroid diseases, has not yet been completely localized. By using peptide phage-displayed technology, we identified three critical motifs, LXPEXD, QSYP, and EX(E/D)PPV, within selected mimotopes(More)
Autoantibodies (aAbs) to thyroid peroxidase (TPO), the hallmark of autoimmune thyroid disease (AITD), recognize conformational epitopes restricted to an immunodominant region (IDR), divided into two overlapping domains A and B. Despite numerous efforts aimed at localizing the IDR and identifying aAb-interacting residues on TPO, only two critical amino(More)