Sylvie N Calvat

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To compare the usefulness of specimens obtained by bronchoalveolar lavage (BAL) and using a protected specimen brush (PSB) in the diagnosis of nosocomial pneumonia, both procedures were performed via fiberoptic bronchoscopy just after death in a series of 20 ventilated patients who had not developed pneumonia before the terminal phase of their disease and(More)
Vancomycin penetration into the fluid lining the epithelial surface of the lower respiratory tract was studied by performing fiberoptic bronchoscopy with bronchoalveolar lavage on 14 critically ill, ventilated patients who had received the drug for at least 5 days. The apparent volume of epithelial lining fluid (ELF) recovered by bronchoalveolar lavage was(More)
OBJECTIVES To determine the accuracy of bedside glucose strip assay on capillary blood and on whole blood and to identify factors predictive of discrepancies with the laboratory method. PATIENTS AND METHODS We conducted a prospective 3-month (July 1-September 30, 2003) study in 85 consecutive patients who required blood glucose monitoring. Values obtained(More)
We present a consensus report from the SFAR/SLRF (Société Française d'Anesthésie et de Réanimation/Société de Réanimation de Langue Française) Consensus Conference, held on 13 October 2005 in Paris, France. The consensus report made recommendations on five topics relevant to the treatment of circulatory failure in sepsis and its underlying rationale. These(More)
BACKGROUND Continuous irrigation has been used worldwide for the treatment of acute poststernotomy mediastinitis. However, its high rate of failure led to the development of new methods, among them closed drainage with Redon catheters. METHODS We evaluated the results obtained with Redon catheters in 70 patients, and compared them to those obtained in 38(More)
To assess the reliability of quantitative cultures of endotracheal aspirates (EA) to diagnose ventilator-associated pneumonia, fiberoptic bronchoscopy was used to study 57 episodes of suspected lung infection in 39 patients with no recent changes in antimicrobial chemotherapy. A total of 19 cases (33%) of pneumonia were diagnosed based on the following(More)
STUDY OBJECTIVE To evaluate the role of quantitative cultures of BAL for diagnosing nosocomial pneumonia in mechanically ventilated patients. DESIGN Cohort study. SETTING Medical ICU, Hôpital Bichat, Paris, France, an academic tertiary care center. PATIENTS A total of 141 episodes of suspected lung infection in 84 consecutive patients mechanically(More)
The authors report two cases of pulmonary valve endocarditis which required emergency surgical treatment. A 74 year old patient with trivalvular endocarditis (pulmonary, aortic, mitral), due to Sptreptococcus D bovis, developed cardiogenic shock with acute pulmonary oedema and underwent double aortic and pulmonary valve replacement with Carpentier-Edwards(More)