Sylvie Maugat

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OBJECTIVES Unprecedented outbreaks of vancomycin-resistant enterococci (VRE) have occurred in French hospitals since 2004. The aim of this study was to provide a picture of the spread and control of VRE in France and to characterize the isolates. METHODS Notification of VRE cases to Institut de Veille Sanitaire has been mandatory since 2001. Isolates of(More)
BACKGROUND Mycobacterium xenopi spinal infections were diagnosed in 1993 in patients who had undergone surgical microdiscectomy for disc hernia, by nucleotomy or microsurgery, in a private hospital. Contaminated tap water, used for rinsing surgical devices after disinfection, was identified as the source of the outbreak. Several cases were recorded in the 4(More)
PURPOSE To quantify the prevalence of accidental blood exposure (ABE) among interventional radiologists and contrast that with the prevalence of patients with hepatitis C virus (HCV) undergoing interventional radiology procedures. MATERIALS AND METHODS A multicenter epidemiologic study was conducted in radiology wards in France. The risk of ABE to(More)
OBJECTIVES In 2012 and 2013, a cross-sectional survey was conducted in women visiting a general practitioner for a urinary tract infection (UTI) to i) describe the patterns of antibiotic resistance of Enterobacteriaceae involved in community-acquired UTIs and ii) identify the factors associated with UTIs due to a multi-drug-resistant Enterobacteriaceae(More)
PURPOSE Drug abuse and blood transfusion are well known risk factors for hepatitis C virus (HCV) infection. However, the route of transmission remains undetermined for 30% of HCV infections. The potential for nosocomial transmission of HCV in health care settings has been suggested but remains poorly estimated. The aim of the study was to assess the(More)
OBJECTIVES To evaluate and compare the risk of long-term central venous catheter (CVC) infection in human immunodeficiency virus (HIV)-infected and cancer patients. DESIGN Prospective multicenter cohort study based on active surveillance of long-term CVC manipulations and patient outcome over a 6-month period. SETTING Services of infectious diseases and(More)
Central venous catheter (CVC)-related infections (CRIs) are a key target for infection control in intensive care units (ICUs). The aim of this study was to describe temporal trends of CRI incidence in a network of volunteer ICUs in Northern France. During a 4 month surveillance period each year, all CVCs in place for more than 48h were prospectively(More)
PURPOSE In 2012-2013, a cross-sectional survey was conducted in women visiting a general practitioner for urinary tract infection (UTI), to estimate the annual incidence of UTIs due to antibiotic-resistant Escherichia coli (E. coli). METHODS A sampling design (stratification, stages and sampling weights) was taken into account in all analyses. Urine(More)
BACKGROUND In France, repeated prevalence studies of nosocomial infections (NI) are part of governmental plan against NI built in 1995 by the Ministry of Health. To evaluate strand of NI prevalence, we performed a comparative analysis of two successive national point-prevalence surveys occurring in 1996 and 2001 for the Northern France. METHOD Comparison(More)