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The ERBB receptors have a crucial role in morphogenesis and oncogenesis. We have identified a new PDZ protein we named ERBIN (ERBB2 interacting protein) that acts as an adaptor for the receptor ERBB2/HER2 in epithelia. ERBIN contains 16 leucine-rich repeats (LRRs) in its amino terminus and a PDZ (PSD-95/DLG/ZO-1) domain at its carboxy terminus, and belongs(More)
Genetic studies have highlighted the key role of Scrib in the development of Metazoans. Deficiency in Scrib impairs many aspects of cell polarity and cell movement although the mechanisms involved remain unclear. In mammals, Scrib belongs to a protein complex containing betaPIX, an exchange factor for Rac/Cdc42, and GIT1, a GTPase activating protein for(More)
Neuregulin 1 (NRG1) plays a critical role in myelination. However, little is known about regulatory mechanisms of NRG1 signaling. We show here that Erbin, a protein that contains leucine-rich repeats (LRR) and a PSD95-Dlg-Zol (PDZ) domain and that interacts specifically with ErbB2, is necessary for NRG1 signaling and myelination of peripheral nervous system(More)
Members of the LAP protein family, LET-413 in Caenorhabditis elegans, Scribble in Drosophila melanogaster, and Erbin, Lano, Densin-180 and hScrib in mammals, have conserved structural features. LET-413 and Scribble are junctional proteins involved in establishing and maintaining epithelial cell polarity. scribble also behaves as a neoplastic tumor(More)
Receptor-type tyrosine kinases presenting an extracellular region with five immunoglobulin-like domains, and strongly related by sequence similarities in the intracellular region, constitute a family of receptors involved in development and function of various cell lineages. We have isolated and characterized the mouse Flt3 gene, encoding the sixth member(More)
The human FLT3 cDNA was cloned from a pre-B cell line and characterized. The deduced amino acid sequence shows that FLT3 codes for a receptor-type tyrosine kinase of 993 residues, presenting a strong similarity with the corresponding mouse FLT3/FLK2 protein as well as with the receptors for colony-stimulating factor 1 (CSF1R/FMS) and steel locus factor(More)
The non-canonical Wnt/planar cell polarity (Wnt/PCP) pathway plays a crucial role in embryonic development. Recent work has linked defects of this pathway to breast cancer aggressiveness and proposed Wnt/PCP signalling as a therapeutic target. Here we show that the archetypal Wnt/PCP protein VANGL2 is overexpressed in basal breast cancers, associated with(More)
Protein networks asymetrically distributed to basolateral and apical epithelial membranes maintain cell polarity and homeostasis of epithelial tissues. Genetic studies in non-vertebrates assigned two families of basolateral proteins, MAGUK (membrane-associated and guanylate kinase) and LAP (leucine-rich repeats and PDZ) proteins, to a common pathway crucial(More)
In an attempt to further evaluate the role of Thy-1 in the antigen-independent triggering of mouse T cells, we have examined the activating properties of two Thy-1.1-specific mouse monoclonal antibodies (mAb). These reagents were established from an (A.TH X A.TL)F1 hybrid mouse (Thy-1b) immunized with IL-2 producing (BALB/c (Thy-1b) X BW5147 (Thy-1a)) T(More)
Nod2 is an intracellular sensor of a specific bacterial cell wall component, muramyl dipeptide, and activation of Nod2 stimulates an inflammatory response. Specific mutations of Nod2 have been associated with two inflammatory diseases, Crohn disease and Blau syndrome, and are thought to contribute to disease susceptibility through altering Nod2 signaling.(More)