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Neuregulin 1 (NRG1) plays a critical role in myelination. However, little is known about regulatory mechanisms of NRG1 signaling. We show here that Erbin, a protein that contains leucine-rich repeats (LRR) and a PSD95-Dlg-Zol (PDZ) domain and that interacts specifically with ErbB2, is necessary for NRG1 signaling and myelination of peripheral nervous system(More)
Genetic studies have highlighted the key role of Scrib in the development of Metazoans. Deficiency in Scrib impairs many aspects of cell polarity and cell movement although the mechanisms involved remain unclear. In mammals, Scrib belongs to a protein complex containing betaPIX, an exchange factor for Rac/Cdc42, and GIT1, a GTPase activating protein for(More)
The non-canonical Wnt/planar cell polarity (Wnt/PCP) pathway plays a crucial role in embryonic development. Recent work has linked defects of this pathway to breast cancer aggressiveness and proposed Wnt/PCP signalling as a therapeutic target. Here we show that the archetypal Wnt/PCP protein VANGL2 is overexpressed in basal breast cancers, associated with(More)
Identification of protein complexes associated with the ERBB2/HER2 receptor may help unravel the mechanisms of its activation and regulation in normal and pathological situations. Interactions between ERBB2/HER2 and Src homology 2 or phosphotyrosine binding domain signaling proteins have been extensively studied. We have identified ERBIN and PICK1 as new(More)
Inhibitory neurons control the firing of glutamatergic neurons and synchronize brain activity. However, little is known about mechanisms of excitatory synapse formation in inhibitory neurons. Here we demonstrate that Erbin is specifically expressed in cortical inhibitory neurons. It localizes at excitatory synapses and regulates AMPA receptor (AMPAR)(More)
The pseudo tyrosine kinase receptor 7 (PTK7) is an orphan tyrosine kinase receptor assigned to the planar cell polarity pathway. It plays a major role during embryogenesis and epithelial tissue organization. Here we found that PTK7 is also expressed in normal myeloid progenitors and CD34(+) CD38(-) bone marrow cells in humans. We performed an(More)
The class III receptor tyrosine kinase FLT3/FLK2 (FLT3; CD135) represents an important molecule involved in early steps of hematopoiesis. Here we compare cell-surface expression of FLT3 on bone marrow (BM) and cord blood (CB) cells using monoclonal antibodies (MoAbs) specific for the extracellular domain of human FLT3. Flow cytometric analysis of(More)
Free fatty acids (FFA) are known to interfere with glucose metabolism. Moreover, it has been shown that they are able to impair the endothelium-dependent vasodilation. Therefore, we sought to determine whether their negative effect on endothelial function depends on their chain length or on their ability to modify PG production. Fourteen normal volunteers(More)
SAG/RBX2 is the RING (really interesting new gene) component of Cullin-RING ligase, which is required for its activity. An organ-specific role of SAG in tumorigenesis is unknown. We recently showed that Sag/Rbx2, upon lung-targeted deletion, suppressed Kras(G12D)-induced tumorigenesis via inactivating NF-κB and mammalian target of rapamycin pathways. In(More)
Alloreactivity is one ofthe most puzzling phenomena in immunology. Quite some time ago it was discovered that an individual's T lymphocytes are highly reactive to cells from another individual when they express different (allelic, allogeneic) MHC molecules (1, 2). The reactive T lymphocytes must occur at high frequency, as 1-4% ofvirgin T cells are capable(More)