Sylvie M Perez

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Gambierol is a marine polyether ladder toxin derived from the dinoflagellate Gambierdiscus toxicus. To date, gambierol has been reported to act either as a partial agonist or as an antagonist of sodium channels or as a blocker of voltage-dependent potassium channels. In this work, we examined the cellular effect of gambierol on cytosolic calcium(More)
Genetic ablation of the voltage-gated potassium channel Kv1.3 improves insulin sensitivity and increases metabolic rate in mice. Inhibition of Kv1.3 in mouse adipose and skeletal muscle is reported to increase glucose uptake through increased GLUT4 translocation. Since Kv1.3 represents a novel target for the treatment of diabetes, the present study(More)
We investigated the signal transduction mechanisms associated with an increase in ciliary beat frequency (CBF) produced by platelet activating factor (PAF) in oviductal ciliated cell cultures. In the range of concentrations similar to that produced by preimplantation embryos, PAF increased the CBF in a dose-dependent manner. The addition of PAF and(More)
The medicinal chemistry and preclinical biology of imidazopyridine-based inhibitors of diacylglycerol acyltransferase 2 (DGAT2) is described. A screening hit 1 with low lipophilic efficiency (LipE) was optimized through two key structural modifications: (1) identification of the pyrrolidine amide group for a significant LipE improvement, and (2) insertion(More)
The optimization for selectivity and central receptor occupancy for a series of spirocyclic azetidine-piperidine inverse agonists of the ghrelin receptor is described. Decreased mAChR muscarinic M2 binding was achieved by use of a chiral indane in place of a substituted benzylic group. Compounds with desirable balance of human in vitro clearance and ex vivo(More)
Glycerol-3-phosphate acyltransferases (GPATs) catalyze the first step in the synthesis of glycerolipids and glycerophospholipids. Microsomal GPAT, the major GPAT activity, is encoded by at least two closely related genes, GPAT3 and GPAT4. To investigate the in vivo functions of GPAT3, we generated Gpat3-deficient (Gpat3(-/-)) mice. Total GPAT activity in(More)
Increased fructose consumption and its subsequent metabolism have been implicated in hepatic steatosis, dyslipidemia, obesity, and insulin resistance in humans. Since ketohexokinase (KHK) is the principal enzyme responsible for fructose metabolism, identification of a selective KHK inhibitor may help to further elucidate the effect of KHK inhibition on(More)
New cholecystokinin-1 receptor (CCK1R) agonist 'triggers' were identified using iterative library synthesis. Structural activity relationship studies led to the discovery of compound 10e, a potent CCK1R agonist that demonstrated robust weight loss in a diet-induced obese rat model with very low systemic exposure. Pharmacokinetic data suggest that efficacy(More)
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