Learn More
MicroRNAs (miRNAs) are a class of small noncoding RNAs that control gene expression by targeting mRNAs and triggering either translation repression or RNA degradation. Their aberrant expression may be involved in human diseases, including cancer. Indeed, miRNA aberrant expression has been previously found in human chronic lymphocytic leukemias, where miRNA(More)
PURPOSE This study investigated the frequency of the expression and prognostic significance of a panel of immunocytochemical markers in resected non-small-cell lung cancer (NSCLC). PATIENTS AND METHODS A total of 515 cases of pathologic stage I NSCLC were analyzed. The median follow-up time of surviving patients was 102 months. The following(More)
PURPOSE To elucidate the mechanism by which trastuzumab, a humanized monoclonal antibody against HER2 with proven survival benefit in women with HER2-positive metastatic breast cancer, mediates its antitumor activity. EXPERIMENTAL DESIGN A pilot study including 11 patients with HER2-positive tumors treated in a neo-adjuvant setting with trastuzumab was(More)
Epithelial ovarian cancer (EOC) is the sixth most common cancer in women worldwide and, despite advances in detection and therapies, it still represents the most lethal gynecologic malignancy in the industrialized countries. Unfortunately, still relatively little is known about the molecular events that lead to the development of this highly aggressive(More)
PURPOSE The existence of tumor-initiating cells in breast cancer has profound implications for cancer therapy. In this study, we investigated the sensitivity of tumor-initiating cells isolated from human epidermal growth factor receptor type 2 (HER2)-overexpressing carcinoma cell lines to trastuzumab, a compound used for the targeted therapy of breast(More)
Overexpression of the human epidermal growth factor-2 (HER2) oncogene in human breast carcinomas has been associated with a more aggressive course of disease. The reason for this association is still unclear, although it has been suggested to rest in increased proliferation, vessel formation, and/or invasiveness. Alternatively, prognosis may not be directly(More)
N-(4-Hydroxyphenyl)retinamide (HPR) is a synthetic retinoid of particular clinical interest in cancer chemoprevention. We have examined the in vitro effects of HPR on lymphoid and myeloid malignant cell lines and found that at concentrations between 10(-5) and 3 x 10(-7) M it induces a dose-dependent growth inhibition (the peak plasma concentration in(More)
Prediction of the clinical outcome of breast cancer is multi-faceted and challenging. There is growing evidence that the complexity of the tumour micro-environment, consisting of several cell types and a complex mixture of proteins, plays an important role in development, progression, and response to therapy. In the current study, we investigated whether(More)
Exosomes are endosome-derived nanovesicles actively released into the extracellular environment and biological fluids, both under physiological and pathological conditions, by different cell types. We characterized exosomes constitutively secreted by HER2-overexpressing breast carcinoma cell lines and analyzed in vitro and in vivo their potential role in(More)
The glycoprotein gp38 is overexpressed in 90% of ovarian carcinomas and recognized by monoclonal antibodies MOv18 and MOv19. This molecule is a high affinity folate binding protein (FBP) and a potential marker for ovarian carcinoma. We have developed a model to investigate the biochemical and biological properties of this folate receptor by transfecting(More)