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Two forms of RNA Polymerase IV (PolIVa/PolIVb) have been implicated in RNA-directed DNA methylation (RdDM) in Arabidopsis. Prevailing models imply a distinct function for PolIVb by association of Argonaute4 (AGO4) with the C-terminal domain (CTD) of its largest subunit NRPD1b. Here we show that the extended CTD of NRPD1b-type proteins exhibits conserved(More)
Ribonuclease III (RNaseIII) is responsible for processing and maturation of RNA precursors into functional rRNA, mRNA and other small RNA. In contrast to bacterial and yeast cells, higher eukaryotes contain at least three classes of RNaseIII, including class IV or dicer-like proteins. Here, we describe the functional characterization of AtRTL2, an(More)
In recent years, a major breakthrough in the study of epigenetic silencing in eukaryotes came with the discovery that the RNA-interference pathway (RNAi) is generally implicated in heterochromatin assembly and gene silencing. An important and paradoxical feature of the RNAi-mediated heterochromatin pathways is their requirement for some form of(More)
Recent studies have identified a conserved WG/GW-containing motif, known as the Argonaute (AGO) hook, which is involved in the recruitment of AGOs to distinct components of the eukaryotic RNA silencing pathways. By using this motif as a model to detect new components in plant RNA silencing pathways, we identified SPT5-like, a plant-specific AGO4-interacting(More)
Image analysis is being increasingly used in biology and medicine; however, in order to obtain truly quantitative data and thus avoid errors in interpretation, a certain number of precautions must be taken when the image is digitized, well before any attempt is made to analyse or interpret the data. This is particularly true for image microfluorometry. In(More)
Two forms of a plant-specific RNA polymerase (Pol), PolIV(PolIVa) and PolV(PolIVb), currently defined by their respective largest subunits [NRPD1(NRPD1a) and NRPE1(NRPD1b)], have been implicated in the production and activity of 24-nt small RNAs (sRNAs) in RNA-directed DNA methylation (RdDM). Prevailing models support the view that PolIV(PolIVa) plays an(More)
The isolation of ascididemin from the Mediterranean ascidian Cystodytes dellechiajei is described. This alkaloid consists of a planar pentacyclic chromophore which was investigated for its DNA-binding and cytotoxic properties. Spectroscopic measurements provided evidence that the drug intercalates into DNA. DNase I footprinting assays indicated that the(More)
P67, a new protein binding to a specific RNA probe, was purified from radish seedlings [Echeverria, M. and Lahmy, S. (1995) Nucleic Acids Res. 23, 4963-4970]. Amino acid sequence information obtained from P67 microsequencing allowed the isolation of genes encoding P67 in radish and Airabidopsis thaliana. Immunolocalisation experiments in transfected(More)
Re-activation of cell division after fertilization involves the specific regulation of a set of genes. To identify genes involved in the gametophytic to sporophytic transition, we screened Arabidopsis T-DNA insertion lines for early seed abortion at the zygote (zeus) or one-cell embryo stages (cyclops), and characterized a sporophytic zygote-lethal(More)
General transcription factor IIB (TFIIB) and TFIIB-related factor (BRF), are conserved RNA polymerase II/III (RNAPII/III) selectivity factors that are involved in polymerase recruitment and transcription initiation in eukaryotes. Recent findings have shown that plants have evolved a third type of B-factor, plant-specific TFIIB-related protein 1 (pBRP1),(More)