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The wingless-type MMTV integration site family (WNT)/β-catenin/adenomatous polyposis coli (CTNNB1/APC) pathway has been identified as a regulator of drug-metabolizing enzymes in the rodent liver. Conversely, little is known about the role of this pathway in drug metabolism regulation in human liver. Primary human hepatocytes (PHHs), which are the most(More)
Midazolam (MDZ) is one of the most commonly used in vivo and in vitro CYP3A4 probe substrates for drug-drug interactions (DDI) studies. The major metabolic pathway of MDZ in humans consists of the CYP3A4-mediated 1'-hydroxylation followed by urinary excretion as 1'-O-glucuronide derivative. In the present study, following incubation of MDZ with human liver(More)
1. The quantitative prediction of the pharmacokinetic parameters of a drug from data obtained using human in vitro systems remains a significant challenge i.e. prediction of metabolic clearance in humans and estimation of the relative contribution of enzymes involved in the clearance. This has become particularly problematic for low turnover compounds. 2.(More)
Prediction of drug-drug interactions due to cytochrome P450 isoform 3A4 (CYP3A4) overexpression is important because this CYP isoform is involved in the metabolism of about 30% of clinically used drugs from almost all therapeutic categories. Therefore, it is mandatory to attempt to predict the potential of a new compound to induce CYP3A4. Among several in(More)
The in vitro metabolism of dronedarone and its major metabolites has been studied in human liver microsomes and cryopreserved hepatocytes in primary culture through the use of specific or total cytochrome P450 (CYP) and monoamine oxidase (MAO) inhibitors. The identification of the main metabolites and enzymes participating in their metabolism was also(More)
Down-regulation of detoxification genes, notably cytochrome P450 (CYPs), in primary hepatocyte cultures is a long-standing and major concern. We evaluated the influence of medium flow in this model. Hepatocytes isolated from 12 different liver donors were cultured either in a multichamber modular bioreactor (MCmB, flow rate 250-500 μL/min) or under(More)
The discovery of Streptomyces-produced streptomycin founded the age of tuberculosis therapy. Despite the subsequent development of a curative regimen for this disease, tuberculosis remains a worldwide problem, and the emergence of multidrug-resistant Mycobacterium tuberculosis has prioritized the need for new drugs. Here we show that new optimized(More)
Ferroquine (SSR97193) has been shown to be a promising antimalarial, both on laboratory clones and on field isolates. So far, no resistance was documented in Plasmodium falciparum. In the present work, the metabolic pathway of ferroquine, based on experiments using animal and human hepatic models, is proposed. Ferroquine is metabolized mainly via an(More)
Compound 15 (SAR107375), a novel potent dual thrombin and factor Xa inhibitor resulted from a rational optimization process. Starting from compound 14, with low factor Xa and modest anti-thrombin inhibitory activities (IC50's of 3.5 and 0.39 μM, respectively), both activities were considerably improved, notably through the incorporation of a neutral(More)
Physiological based pharmacokinetic (PBPK) modeling is now commonly used in drug development to integrate human or animal physiological data in order to predict pharmacokinetic profiles. The aim of this work was to construct and refine a PBPK model of irbesartan taking into account its active uptake via OATP1B1/B3 in order to predict more accurately its(More)