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Proteomics relies on the separation of complex protein mixtures using bidimensional electrophoresis. This approach is largely used to detect the expression variations of proteins prepared from two or more samples. Recently, attention was drawn on the reliability of the results published in literature. Among the critical points identified were experimental(More)
Let Y be a Gaussian vector whose components are independent with a common unknown variance. We consider the problem of estimating the mean μ of Y by model selection. More precisely, we start with a collection S = {Sm,m ∈ M} of linear subspaces of R n and associate to each of these the least-squares estimator of μ on Sm. Then, we use a data driven penalized(More)
Precise control of chromosome pairing is vital for conferring meiotic, and hence reproductive, stability in sexually reproducing polyploids. Apart from the Ph1 locus of wheat that suppresses homeologous pairing, little is known about the activity of genes that contribute to the cytological diploidization of allopolyploids. In oilseed rape (Brassica napus)(More)
This paper explores the dynamics of attitude change in 2 dimensions (2D) as a result of social interaction. We add a rejection mechanism into the 2D bounded confidence (BC) model proposed by Deffuant et al (2001). Individuals are characterised by twodimensional continuous attitudes, each associated with an uncertainty u, supposed constant in this first(More)
Microcystin-LR (MC-LR), involved in human and animal poisonings by cyanobacteria, has been shown to be both a potent tumour promoter in rat liver and an inhibitor of serine/threonine protein phosphatases, specifically PP1 and PP2A. The research on the genotoxic potential of MC-LR counts only few in vivo studies. In order to determine the target organs for(More)
Cylindrospermopsin (CYN), a cyanobacterial hepatotoxin mainly produced by Cylindrospermopsis raciborskii, has been involved in human intoxications and livestock deaths. The widespread occurrence of CYN in the water supplies lead us to investigate its genotoxicity to assess potential chronic effects. This study reports evaluation of CYN-induced in vivo DNA(More)
The genotoxic potential of the fungicide malachite green (MG) and its reduced derivative leucomalachite green (LMG) was assessed in bacteria and mammalian cells using the standard Salmonella typhimurium/Ames and CHO/HGPRT tests. In vitro potential DNA damaging effects of MG and LMG were tested using the single-cell gel electrophoresis (Comet) assay on CHO(More)
We show that a recently proposed model generates accurate commuting networks on 80 case studies from different regions of the world (Europe and United-States) at different scales (e.g. municipalities, counties, regions). The model takes as input the number of commuters coming in and out of each geographic unit and generates the matrix of commuting flows(More)