Sylvie Guerder

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CIITA activates the expression of multiple genes involved in antigen presentation and it is believed to be required for both constitutive and IFN gamma-inducible expression of these genes. To understand the role of CIITA in vivo, we have used gene targeting to generate mice that lack CIITA. CIITA-deficient (-/-) mice do not express conventional MHC class II(More)
Using cytotoxic T lymphocyte (CTL) responses to the class I histocompatibility antigen Qa1 and to the minor histocompatibility antigen H-Y, we show that the immune system maintains a peripheral screening process that is able to tolerize a wide variety of potentially autoimmune CTL. The critical factor is the presence or absence of specific T helper cells.(More)
The development of an immune response critically relies on the encounter of rare antigen (Ag)-specific T cells with dendritic cells (DCs) presenting the relevant Ag. How two rare cells find each other in the midst of irrelevant other cells in lymph nodes (LNs) is unknown. Here we show that initial T cell activation clusters are generated near high(More)
The neuropeptide calcitonin gene-related peptide (CGRP) is concentrated in fine sensory nerve endings innervating all tissues, including bone. CGRP inhibits osteoclasts, stimulates insulin-like growth factor I and inhibits tumor necrosis factor alpha production by osteoblasts in vitro. To investigate the role of CGRP in bone in vivo, mice were engineered to(More)
The mechanisms that regulate CD4(+) T cells responses in vivo are still poorly understood. We show here that initial Ag stimulation induces in CD4(+) T cells a program of proliferation that can develop, for at least seven cycles of division, in the absence of subsequent Ag or cytokine requirement. Thereafter, proliferation stops but can be reinitiated by(More)
Distinct T-lymphocyte subsets recognize antigens in conjunction with different classes of major histocompatibility complex (MHC) glycoproteins using the T-cell receptor (TCR), a disulphide-linked heterodimer associated with the CD3 complex on the cell surface. In general, class I and class II MHC products provide a context for the recognition of foreign(More)
Almost 30 years ago Burnet proposed that the immune system maintained self-tolerance by deleting autoreactive lymphocytes. Recently it has become clear that for T cells this step occurs in the thymus, where developing T cells first express their antigen-specific receptors. Here a T-cell which encounters its antigen disappears--if it is not dead, it at least(More)
Tolerance to peripheral antigens is thought to result from the inability of parenchymal tissue to stimulate T cells--an inability that is believed to relate to the lack of expression of the costimulatory signal(s) required for T-cell activation. To test this model, we generated transgenic mice expressing costimulatory molecule B7-1 on the B cells of the(More)
T cell tolerance to peripheral antigens is believed to result mainly from the inability of parenchymal cells to present antigens in an immunogenic form due to the lack of expression of T cell costimulator. We found, however, that transgenic expression of the T cell costimulator B7-1 on the islets of Langerhans is not sufficient to abolish the in vivo(More)
Thymus-specific serine protease (TSSP) was initially reported as a putative protease specifically expressed in the endosomal compartment of cortical thymic epithelial cells (cTEC). As such, TSSP is potentially involved in the presentation of the self-peptides that are bound to MHC class II molecules expressed at the cTEC surface and are involved in the(More)