Sylvie Grandemange

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The autoinflammatory disorders are a new and expanding classification of inflammatory diseases characterized by recurrent episodes of systemic inflammation in the absence of pathogens, autoantibodies or antigen specific T cells. These disorders are caused by primary dysfunction of the innate immune system, without evidence of adaptive immune dysregulation.(More)
Familial Mediterranean fever (FMF) is a hereditary recurrent fever associated with mutations in the gene MEFV encoding pyrin. It is expressed mainly in neutrophils and macrophages, and modulates the production of the potent pro-inflammatory cytokine interleukin-1β through regulation of nuclear factor-κB and caspase-1. The MEFV gene expression depends on(More)
BACKGROUND Mutations in the TNFRSF1A gene encoding the tumour necrosis factor α cell surface receptor, TNFR1, cause TNFR-associated periodic syndrome (TRAPS) and polymorphisms in TNFRSF1A, including rs4149570, rs767455 and rs1800692, are associated with inflammatory diseases. OBJECTIVES To describe a new exon 2-spliced transcript-TNFR1-d2-and the impact(More)
Cryopyrin-associated periodic syndrome are rare autosomal dominantly inherited diseases. They include three overlapping phenotypes: familial cold autoinflammatory syndrome, Muckle-Wells syndrome, and chronic infantile neurological cutaneous articular syndrome/neonatal onset multisystem autoinflammatory syndrome (NOMID/CINCA). Recurrent fevers, joint pain,(More)
Autoinflammatory diseases are defined as illnesses caused by primary dysfunction of the innate immune system. This new concept includes a broad number of disorders, but the spotlight has been focused for the past two years on periodic fevers (familial Mediterranean fever [FMF]; mevalonate kinase deficiency [MVK]; tumor necrosis factor [TNF](More)
Mutations in the MEditerranean FeVer (MEFV) gene are responsible for familial Mediterranean fever (FMF), a recessively inherited auto-inflammatory disease. Cases of dominant inheritance and phenotype-genotype heterogeneity have been reported; however, the underlying molecular mechanism is not currently understood. The FMF protein named pyrin or marenostrin(More)
Familial mediterranean fever (FMF) is a hereditary autoinflammatory autosomal recessive disease caused by mutations in the MEFV gene. Despite the identification of many disease associated MEFV mutations, often the clinical diagnosis cannot be genetically confirmed. The currently used diagnostic sequencing techniques only allow the detection of point(More)
The sequences encoding the yeast RNA polymerase II (RPB) subunits are single copy genes. While those characterized so far for the human (h) RPB are also unique, we show that hRPB subunit 11 (hRPB11) is encoded by a multigene family, mapping on chromosome 7 at loci p12, q11.23 and q22. We focused on two members of this family, hRPB11a and hRPB11b: the first(More)
In Saccharomyces cerevisiae, RNA polymerase II assembly is probably initiated by the formation of the RPB3-RPB11 heterodimer. RPB3 is encoded by a single copy gene in the yeast, mouse and human genomes. The RPB11 gene is also unique in yeast and mouse, but in humans a gene family has been identified that potentially encodes several RPB11 proteins differing(More)
OBJECTIVES Inflammasomes are multiprotein complexes that sense pathogens and trigger biological mechanisms to control infection. Nucleotide-binding oligomerisation domain-like receptor (NLR) containing a PYRIN domain 1 (NLRP1), NLRP3 and NLRC4 plays a key role in this innate immune system by directly assembling in inflammasomes and regulating inflammation.(More)