Sylvie Grandemange

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Autoinflammatory diseases are defined as illnesses caused by primary dysfunction of the innate immune system. This new concept includes a broad number of disorders, but the spotlight has been focused for the past two years on periodic fevers (familial Mediterranean fever [FMF]; mevalonate kinase deficiency [MVK]; tumor necrosis factor [TNF](More)
The autoinflammatory disorders are a new and expanding classification of inflammatory diseases characterized by recurrent episodes of systemic inflammation in the absence of pathogens, autoantibodies or antigen specific T cells. These disorders are caused by primary dysfunction of the innate immune system, without evidence of adaptive immune dysregulation.(More)
Cryopyrin-associated periodic syndrome are rare autosomal dominantly inherited diseases. They include three overlapping phenotypes: familial cold autoinflammatory syndrome, Muckle-Wells syndrome, and chronic infantile neurological cutaneous articular syndrome/neonatal onset multisystem autoinflammatory syndrome (NOMID/CINCA). Recurrent fevers, joint pain,(More)
Mutations in the MEditerranean FeVer (MEFV) gene are responsible for familial Mediterranean fever (FMF), a recessively inherited auto-inflammatory disease. Cases of dominant inheritance and phenotype-genotype heterogeneity have been reported; however, the underlying molecular mechanism is not currently understood. The FMF protein named pyrin or marenostrin(More)
BACKGROUND The sequences encoding the yeast RNA polymerase II (RPB) subunits are single copy genes. RESULTS While those characterized so far for the human (h) RPB are also unique, we show that hRPB subunit 11 (hRPB11) is encoded by a multigene family, mapping on chromosome 7 at loci p12, q11.23 and q22. We focused on two members of this family, hRPB11a(More)
Familial Mediterranean fever (FMF) is a hereditary recurrent fever associated with mutations in the gene MEFV encoding pyrin. It is expressed mainly in neutrophils and macrophages, and modulates the production of the potent pro-inflammatory cytokine interleukin-1β through regulation of nuclear factor-κB and caspase-1. The MEFV gene expression depends on(More)
In Saccharomyces cerevisiae, RNA polymerase II assembly is probably initiated by the formation of the RPB3-RPB11 heterodimer. RPB3 is encoded by a single copy gene in the yeast, mouse and human genomes. The RPB11 gene is also unique in yeast and mouse, but in humans a gene family has been identified that potentially encodes several RPB11 proteins differing(More)
Familial mediterranean fever (FMF) is a hereditary autoinflammatory autosomal recessive disease caused by mutations in the MEFV gene. Despite the identification of many disease associated MEFV mutations, often the clinical diagnosis cannot be genetically confirmed. The currently used diagnostic sequencing techniques only allow the detection of point(More)