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BACKGROUND Severe forms of dystonia respond poorly to medical treatment. Deep-brain stimulation is a reversible neurosurgical procedure that has been used for the treatment of dystonia, but assessment of its efficacy has been limited to open studies. METHODS We performed a prospective, controlled, multicenter study assessing the efficacy and safety of(More)
OBJECTIVES To prospectively compare in healthy rats the effect of multiple injections of macrocyclic (gadoterate meglumine) and linear (gadodiamide) gadolinium-based contrast agents (GBCAs) on T1-weighted signal intensity in the deep cerebellar nuclei (DCN), including the dentate nucleus. MATERIALS AND METHODS Healthy rats (n = 7/group) received 20(More)
OBJECTIVES The aim of this study was to evaluate Gd retention in the deep cerebellar nuclei (DCN) of linear gadolinium-based contrast agents (GBCAs) compared with a macrocyclic contrast agent. MATERIALS AND METHODS The brain tissue retention of Gd of 3 linear GBCAs (gadobenate dimeglumine, gadopentetate dimeglumine, and gadodiamide) and a macrocyclic GBCA(More)
BACKGROUND We have previously reported the efficacy and safety of bilateral pallidal stimulation for primary generalised dystonia in a prospective, controlled, multicentre study with 1 year of follow-up. Although long-term results have been reported by other groups, no controlled assessment of motor and non-motor results is available. In this prospective(More)
PURPOSE To determine the perfusion-sensitive characteristics of cerebral dural metastases and compare them with the data on meningiomas. METHODS Twenty-two patients presenting with dural tumor underwent conventional and dynamic susceptibility-contrast MR imaging: breast carcinoma metastases, two patients; colorectal carcinoma metastasis, one patient; lung(More)
To characterize peritumoral BOLD contrast disorders, 25 patients referred for resection of primary frontal or parietal neoplasms (low-grade glioma (LGG) (n=8); high-grade glioma (HGG) (n=7); meningioma (n=10)) without macroscopic tumoral infiltration of the primary sensorimotor cortex (SM1) were examined preoperatively using BOLD fMRI during simple motor(More)
OBJECTIVE To determine which thalamic subnuclei are involved in symptomatic unilateral movement disorders due to localized thalamic infarction, and the clinical characteristics of these abnormal movements. METHODS The authors studied 22 patients with thalamic infarcts for their clinical presentation and the topography of the lesions, using(More)
NMR imaging allow specific study of contrast variations due to intravascular agents. It is possible to measure regional cerebral blood volume (rCBV). In brain tumor, this parameter allow to characterize tumoral vascularisation and blood brain barrier lesions. We use today 1st pass bolus technic. Easy to perform in clinical practice, it is useful for(More)
PURPOSE To present the imaging and perfusion data obtained in nine patients with pilocytic astrocytomas (PA) and to discuss the original functional issues of this technique. METHOD Nine patients with pathologically proven PA underwent conventional and perfusion MR imaging. Various areas of relative cerebral blood volume (rCBV) within the tumors were(More)
We investigated the role of the temporal pole (TP) in 48 consecutive patients with drug-refractory temporal lobe epilepsy (TLE). Chronic depth recordings of TP cortex activity were used in association with video recording of ictal symptoms during 48 spontaneous seizures. In 23 cases (48%, group 1) the TP was involved at the onset of the seizure, before or(More)