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BACKGROUND We have previously reported the efficacy and safety of bilateral pallidal stimulation for primary generalised dystonia in a prospective, controlled, multicentre study with 1 year of follow-up. Although long-term results have been reported by other groups, no controlled assessment of motor and non-motor results is available. In this prospective(More)
PURPOSE To determine the perfusion-sensitive characteristics of cerebral dural metastases and compare them with the data on meningiomas. METHODS Twenty-two patients presenting with dural tumor underwent conventional and dynamic susceptibility-contrast MR imaging: breast carcinoma metastases, two patients; colorectal carcinoma metastasis, one patient; lung(More)
To characterize peritumoral BOLD contrast disorders, 25 patients referred for resection of primary frontal or parietal neoplasms (low-grade glioma (LGG) (n=8); high-grade glioma (HGG) (n=7); meningioma (n=10)) without macroscopic tumoral infiltration of the primary sensorimotor cortex (SM1) were examined preoperatively using BOLD fMRI during simple motor(More)
OBJECTIVES The aim of this study was to evaluate Gd retention in the deep cerebellar nuclei (DCN) of linear gadolinium-based contrast agents (GBCAs) compared with a macrocyclic contrast agent. MATERIALS AND METHODS The brain tissue retention of Gd of 3 linear GBCAs (gadobenate dimeglumine, gadopentetate dimeglumine, and gadodiamide) and a macrocyclic GBCA(More)
We investigated the role of the temporal pole (TP) in 48 consecutive patients with drug-refractory temporal lobe epilepsy (TLE). Chronic depth recordings of TP cortex activity were used in association with video recording of ictal symptoms during 48 spontaneous seizures. In 23 cases (48%, group 1) the TP was involved at the onset of the seizure, before or(More)
Focal cortical dysplasias are a frequent etiology of partial seizure disorders refractory to medical treatment. We report the case of a patient with focal cortical dysplasia, confirmed by surgery, in association with ischemic cerebral lesions that possibly occurred during the intra-uterine development. This observation reinforces the hypothesis of a(More)
This study reports the MR spectroscopic patterns of two patients with bithalamic glioma. In one patient, phosphorus (31P) MR spectroscopy was performed. In both patients, the proton MR spectroscopic scans showed an increased creatine-phosphocreatine peak in the tumor. In the patient who underwent 31P-MR spectroscopy, an increased phosphocreatine peak was(More)
We performed conventional and dynamic susceptibility-contrast MRI imaging in 38 patients with brain tumours: 20 with metastases (breast carcinoma: two; renal carcinoma: five; colorectal carcinoma: one; lung carcinoma: seven; melanoma: five), and 18 with high-grade astrocytomas. We obtained cerebral blood volume (CBV) maps and calculated the relative CBV(More)
OBJECTIVE To determine which thalamic subnuclei are involved in symptomatic unilateral movement disorders due to localized thalamic infarction, and the clinical characteristics of these abnormal movements. METHODS The authors studied 22 patients with thalamic infarcts for their clinical presentation and the topography of the lesions, using(More)
PURPOSE To assess the contribution of magnetic resonance (MR) cerebral blood volume (CBV) mapping in the initial evaluation of brain tumors. METHODS 63 patients presenting a brain tumor underwent dynamic susceptibility-contrast MR imaging before surgery or biopsy: 28 high grade gliomas, 8 low grade gliomas, 2 pilocytic astrocytomas, 4 lymphomas, 12(More)