Sylvie Grégoire

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Regulatory T cells (T reg cells) play a major role in controlling the pathogenic autoimmune process in type 1 diabetes (T1D). Interleukin 2 (IL-2), a cytokine which promotes T reg cell survival and function, may thus have therapeutic efficacy in T1D. We show that 5 d of low-dose IL-2 administration starting at the time of T1D onset can reverse established(More)
Several reports have suggested that mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) could exert a potent immunosuppressive effect in vitro, and thus may have a therapeutic potential for T cell-dependent pathologies. We aimed to establish whether MSCs could be used to control graft-vs-host disease (GVHD), a major cause of morbidity and mortality after allogeneic hemopoietic(More)
The evolution of allergic asthma is tightly controlled by effector and regulatory cells, as well as cytokines such as IL-10 and/or TGF-β, and it is widely acknowledged that environmental exposure to allergens and infectious agents can influence these processes. In this context, the recognition of pathogen-associated motifs, which trigger TLR activation(More)
BACKGROUND Regulatory agencies have warned clinicians regarding the risk of electrolyte abnormalities if more than two 45-mL bottles of oral sodium phosphate (NaP) solution are administered within a 24-hour period. OBJECTIVE To compare the efficacy, safety, and tolerability of different regimens of oral NaP and polyethylene glycol (PEG). DESIGN(More)
The cellular prion protein (PrPC) is a host-encoded, GPI-anchored cell surface protein, expressed on a wide range of tissues including neuronal and lymphoreticular cells. PrPC may undergo posttranslational conversion, giving rise to scrapie PrP, the pathogenic conformer considered as responsible for prion diseases. Despite intensive studies, the normal(More)
Recipient-specific regulatory T cells (rsTreg) can prevent graft-versus-host disease (GVHD) by inhibiting donor T-cell expansion after hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (HSCT) in mice. Importantly, in adult humans, because of thymus involution, immune reconstitution during the first months after HSCT relies on the peripheral expansion of donor T cells(More)
The absence of a detectable immune response during transmissible spongiform encephalopathies is likely due to the fact that the essential component of infectious agents, the prion protein (PrP), is a self Ag expressed on the surface of many cells of the host. To overcome self-tolerance to PrP, we used 30-mer PrP peptides previously shown to be immunogenic(More)
Abs to the prion protein (PrP) can protect against experimental prion infections, but efficient Ab responses are difficult to generate because PrP is expressed on many tissues and induces a strong tolerance. We previously showed that immunization of wild-type mice with PrP peptides and CpG oligodeoxynucleic acid overcomes tolerance and induces cellular and(More)
Polymyositis is a rare and severe inflammatory muscle disorder. Treatments are partially efficacious but have many side effects. New therapeutic approaches must be first tested in a relevant animal model. Regulatory CD4+CD25+ T cells (Tregs) have been rediscovered as a pivotal cell population in the control of autoimmunity, but the connection between(More)
CD4+CD25+Foxp3+ Tregs play a major role in prevention of autoimmune diseases. The suppressive effect of Tregs on effector T cells (Teffs), the cells that can mediate autoimmunity, has been extensively studied. However, the in vivo impact of Teff activation on Tregs during autoimmunity has not been explored. In this study, we have shown that CD4+ Teff(More)