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Inhibition of histone deacetylases (HDACs) is emerging as a new strategy in human cancer therapy. We have designed and synthesized novel nonhydroxamate sulfonamide anilides that can inhibit human HDAC enzymes and can induce hyperacetylation of histones in human cancer cells. These compounds selectively inhibit proliferation and cause cell cycle blocks in(More)
Analogues of the clinical compound MGCD0103 (A) were designed and synthesized. These compounds inhibit recombinant human HDAC1 with IC(50) values in the sub-micromolar range. In human cancer cells growing in culture these compounds induce hyperacetylation of histones, cause expression of the tumor suppressor protein p21(WAF1/CIP1), and inhibit cellular(More)
The design, synthesis, and biological evaluation of N-(2-aminophenyl)-4-[(4-pyridin-3-ylpyrimidin-2-ylamino)methyl]benzamide 8 (MGCD0103) is described. Compound 8 is an isotype-selective small molecule histone deacetylase (HDAC) inhibitor that selectively inhibits HDACs 1-3 and 11 at submicromolar concentrations in vitro. 8 blocks cancer cell proliferation(More)
A series of new, structurally simple trichostatin A (TSA)-like straight chain hydroxamates were prepared and evaluated for their ability to inhibit partially purified human histone deacetylase 1 (HDAC-1). Some of these compounds such as 8m, 8n, 12, and 15b exhibited potent HDAC inhibitory activity with low nanomolar IC(50) values, comparable to natural TSA.(More)
Significant effort is being made to understand the role of HDAC isotypes in human cancer and to develop antitumor agents with better therapeutic windows. A part of this endeavor was the exploration of the 14 A internal cavity adjacent to the enzyme catalytic site, which led to the design and synthesis of compound 4 with the unusual bis(aryl)-type(More)
The synthesis and biological evaluation of a variety of 4-(heteroarylaminomethyl)-N-(2-aminophenyl)-benzamides and their analogs is described. Some of these compounds were shown to inhibit HDAC1 with IC(50) values below the micromolar range, induce hyperacetylation of histones, upregulate expression of the tumor suppressor p21(WAF1/Cip1), and inhibit(More)
A series of sulfonamide hydroxamic acids and anilides have been synthesized and studied as histone deacetylase (HDAC) inhibitors that can induce hyperacetylation of histones in human cancer cells. The inhibition of HDAC activity represents a novel approach for intervening in cell cycle regulation. The lead candidates were screened in a panel of human tumor(More)
Inhibition of histone deacetylases (HDACs) is emerging as a new strategy in human cancer therapy. Novel 2-aminophenyl benzamides and acrylamides, that can inhibit human HDAC enzymes and induce hyperacetylation of histones in human cancer cells, have been designed and synthesized. These compounds selectively inhibit proliferation and cause cell cycle arrest(More)
Histone deacetylase inhibitors (HDACs) have emerged as a novel class of antiproliferative agents. Utilizing structure-based design, the synthesis of a series of sulfonamide hydroxamic acids is described. Further optimization of this series by substitution of the terminal aromatic ring yielded HDAC inhibitors with good in vitro and in vivo activities.
A variety of omega-substituted alkanoic acid (2-amino-phenyl)-amides were designed and synthesized. These compounds were shown to inhibit recombinant human histone deacetylases (HDACs) with IC(50) values in the low micromolar range and induce hyperacetylation of histones in whole cells. They induced expression of p21WAF1/Cip1 and caused cell-cycle arrest in(More)