Sylvie Fournel-Gigleux

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This review represents an update of the nomenclature system for the UDP glucuronosyltransferase gene superfamily, which is based on divergent evolution. Since the previous review in 1991, sequences of many related UDP glycosyltransferases from lower organisms have appeared in the database, which expand our database considerably. At latest count, in animals,(More)
V79 (Chinese hamster lung fibroblast) cell lines expressing a functional recombinant phenobarbital-inducible rat liver UDP-glucuronosyltransferase (UGT), i.e., UGT2B1, were established. Western blot analysis of positive colonies, using anti-rat liver UGT antibodies, revealed the presence of an immunoreactive polypeptide of the expected molecular mass of 52(More)
Monospecific polyclonal antibodies were raised against a variable amino-terminal domain (amino acids 14-150) of a human liver form of UDP-glucuronosyl-transferase conjugating bile acids, UGT2B4 (Jackson, M. R., McCarthy, L. R., Harding, D., Wilson, S., Coughtrie, M. W., and Burchell, B. (1987) Biochem. J. 242, 581-588), expressed as a fusion protein in(More)
Proteoglycans are important components of cell plasma membranes and extracellular matrices of connective tissues. They consist of glycosaminoglycan chains attached to a core protein via a tetrasaccharide linkage, whereby the addition of the third residue is catalyzed by galactosyltransferase II (β3GalT6), encoded by B3GALT6. Homozygosity mapping and(More)
OBJECTIVE To assess the variations of galactose-beta-1,3-glucuronosyltransferase I (GlcAT-I) expression related to the decrease in proteoglycan synthesis mediated by interleukin-1beta (IL-1beta) in rat chondrocytes, and to evaluate the influence of glucosamine on the effects elicited by this proinflammatory cytokine. METHODS Rat articular chondrocytes in(More)
Acylglucuronides formed from carboxylic acids by UDP-glucuronosyltransferases (UGTs) are electrophilic metabolites able to covalently bind proteins. In this study, we demonstrate the reactivity of the acylglucuronide from the nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drug, ketoprofen, toward human and rat liver UGTs. Ketoprofen acylglucuronide irreversibly inhibited(More)
To investigate the glucuronidation on the hydroxyl group of carbohydrate-containing drugs, the in vitro formation of glucuronides on the thioxyloside ring of the antithrombotic drug, LF 4.0212, was followed in rat and human liver microsomes and with recombinant UDP-glucuronosyltransferases (UGT). The reaction revealed a marked regioselectivity in rat and(More)
The 2-arylpropionic acids are currently an important group of non-steroidal anti-inflammatory agents. They contain a chiral centre, and in vitro studies on inhibition of prostaglandin synthesis show that their activity resides almost exclusively in the S(+)-isomers. However, this stereoselectivity of action is not manifest in vivo, due to the(More)
Treatment of Caco-2 cells with the antioxidants quercetin or t-butylhydroquinone led to induced protein levels of UDP-glucuronosyltransferase UGT1A6 (ca. 3-fold over controls) and of the apical conjugate export pump multidrug resistance protein 2 (MRP2; 1.9-fold over controls). In contrast to UGT1A6, MRP2 (symbol ABCC2) was not inducible by(More)
The treatment of UDP-glucuronosyltransferase UGT1*6 stably expressed in V79 cells with three carboxyl-specific reagents, dicyclohexylcarbodiimide, 1-ethyl-3-(3-dimethylaminopropyl)-carbodiimide and N-ethyl-5-phenylisoxazolium-3'-sulfonate (Woodward's reagent K), resulted in a fast, dose-dependent decrease of the 4-methylumbelliferone glucuronidation. The(More)