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Hereditary spastic paraplegias (HSPs) are neurodegenerative motor neuron diseases characterized by progressive age-dependent loss of corticospinal motor tract function. Although the genetic basis is partly understood, only a fraction of cases can receive a genetic diagnosis, and a global view of HSP is lacking. By using whole-exome sequencing in combination(More)
OBJECTIVE Hereditary spastic paraplegias (HSPs) are very heterogeneous inherited neurodegenerative disorders. Our group recently identified ZFYVE26 as the gene responsible for one of the clinical and genetic entities, SPG15. Our aim was to describe its clinical and mutational spectra. METHODS We analyzed all exons of SPG15/ZFYVE26 gene by direct(More)
Hereditary spastic paraplegias (HSP) are neurodegenerative diseases mainly characterized by lower limb spasticity associated, in complicated forms, with additional neurological signs. We have analysed a large series of index patients (n = 76) with this condition, either from families with an autosomal recessive inheritance (n = 43) or isolated patients (n =(More)
Spinocerebellar ataxia type 28 is an autosomal dominant form of cerebellar ataxia (ADCA) caused by mutations in AFG3L2, a gene that encodes a subunit of the mitochondrial m-AAA protease. We screened 366 primarily Caucasian ADCA families, negative for the most common triplet expansions, for point mutations in AFG3L2 using DHPLC. Whole-gene deletions were(More)
Hereditary spastic paraplegias (HSPs) are genetically and phenotypically heterogeneous disorders. Both "uncomplicated" and "complicated" forms have been described with various modes of inheritance. Sixteen loci for autosomal-recessive "complicated" HSP have been mapped. The SPG15 locus was first reported to account for a rare form of spastic paraplegia(More)
Early sequential expression of mouse Hox genes is essential for their later function. Analysis of the relationship between early Hox gene expression and the laying down of anterior to posterior structures during and after gastrulation is therefore crucial for understanding the ontogenesis of Hox-mediated axial patterning. Using explants from gastrulation(More)
BACKGROUND Point mutations in SPG4, the gene encoding spastin, are a frequent cause of autosomal dominant hereditary spastic paraplegia (AD-HSP). However, standard methods for genetic analyses fail to detect exonic microdeletions. METHODS 121 mutation-negative probands were screened for rearrangements in SPG4 by multiplex ligation-dependent probe(More)
Hereditary spastic paraplegias (HSPs) are genetically and phenotypically heterogeneous. Both "uncomplicated" and "complicated" forms have been described, with autosomal dominant, autosomal recessive, and X-linked inheritance. Hitherto, ten autosomal dominant "uncomplicated" HSP (ADHSP) loci have been mapped. Here, we report linkage of ADHSP with markers of(More)
OBJECTIVE Hereditary spastic paraplegias (HSP) are genetically exceedingly heterogeneous. To date, 37 genetic loci for HSP have been described (SPG1-41), among them 16 loci for autosomal dominant disease. Notwithstanding, further genetic heterogeneity is to be expected in HSP, as various HSP families do not link to any of the known HSP loci. In this study,(More)
BACKGROUND Deletions in ITPR1, coding for the inositol-triphosphate receptor type 1, have been recently identified in spinocerebellar ataxia type 15 (SCA15). OBJECTIVE To determine the frequency and the phenotypical spectrum of SCA15. DESIGN Taqman polymerase chain reaction (258 index cases) or single-nucleotide polymorphism genome-wide genotyping (75(More)