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BACKGROUND The Critical-Care Pain Observation Tool (CPOT) is one of the few behavioural pain scales which have been developed and validated for the purpose of detecting pain in nonverbal critically ill adults. OBJECTIVES This study aimed to complete a pre and post evaluation of the implementation of the CPOT on pain assessment/management nursing practices(More)
BACKGROUND The Nijmegen Breakage Syndrome is a chromosomal instability disorder characterized by microcephaly, growth retardation, immunodeficiency, and increased frequency of cancers. Familial studies on relatives of these patients indicated that they also appear to be at increased risk of cancer. METHODS In a candidate gene study aiming at identifying(More)
BACKGROUND Congenital multiple intestinal atresia (MIA) is a severe, fatal neonatal disorder, involving the occurrence of obstructions in the small and large intestines ultimately leading to organ failure. Surgical interventions are palliative but do not provide long-term survival. Severe immunodeficiency may be associated with the phenotype. A genetic(More)
ZNF350/ZBRK1 is a transcription factor, which associates with BRCA1 to co-repress GADD45A to regulate DNA damage repair, and the expression of ZNF350 is altered in different human carcinomas. In a previous study, we identified ZNF350 genomic variants potentially involved in breast cancer susceptibility in high-risk non-BRCA1/2 breast cancer individuals,(More)
Obesity is a major public health problem associated with a wide range of health problems. This study estimates the prevalence of obesity, calculates the proportion (or population-attributable fraction [PAF]) of major chronic diseases which is attributable to obesity, estimates the deaths attributable to it and projects its future prevalence trends. In(More)
The majority of genes associated with breast cancer susceptibility, including BRCA1 and BRCA2 genes, are involved in DNA repair mechanisms. Moreover, among the genes recently associated with an increased susceptibility to breast cancer, four are Fanconi Anemia (FA) genes: FANCD1/BRCA2, FANCJ/BACH1/BRIP1, FANCN/PALB2 and FANCO/RAD51C. FANCA is implicated in(More)
Our current understanding of breast cancer susceptibility involves mutations in the 2 major genes BRCA1 and BRCA2, found in about 25% of high-risk families, as well as few other low penetrance genes such as ATM and CHEK2. Approximately two-thirds of the multiple cases families remain to be explained by mutations in still unknown genes. In a candidate gene(More)
The UDP glucuronosyltransferase (UGT) superfamily comprises glycoproteins that reside in the endoplasmic reticulum membranes and that undergo post-translational modifications (PTMs). UGT2B7 is of particular interest because of its action on a wide variety of drugs. Most studies currently survey common variants and examine only a small fraction of the(More)
Like many species, the Mormon Metalmark butterfly (Apodemia mormo) has been given conservation ranking in Canada based on limited data. This species is widespread across western North America, but has only two populations in Canada: an “endangered” population in the Similkameen valley of British Columbia, and a “threatened” population in Grasslands National(More)
BACKGROUND Performing routine pain assessments with all intensive care unit (ICU) patients is strongly recommended in clinical practice guidelines. As many ICU patients are unable to self-report, the Critical-Care Pain Observation Tool (CPOT) is one of the two behavioural pain scales suggested for clinical use. Still, no study has described the evaluations(More)