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OBJECTIVE To compare the efficacy and tolerability of vildagliptin and rosiglitazone during a 24-week treatment in drug-naïve patients with type 2 diabetes. RESEARCH DESIGN AND METHODS This was a double-blind, randomized, active-controlled, parallel-group, multicenter study of 24-week treatment with vildagliptin (100 mg daily, given as equally divided(More)
OBJECTIVE To assess the magnitude of the dawn phenomenon and its impact on the total glucose exposure in type 2 diabetes. RESEARCH DESIGN AND METHODS A total of 248 noninsulin-treated persons with type 2 diabetes who underwent continuous glucose monitoring were divided into three groups selected by treatments: diet alone (n = 53); insulin sensitizers(More)
AIM To assess in real life the rate of hypoglycemia during Ramadan in patients with type 2 diabetes (T2DM) in France, according to their ongoing dual therapy of metformin-vildagliptin or metformin-sulfonylurea/glinide (IS). METHODS Prospective, non-interventional study with 2 visits (within 8 weeks before and 6 weeks after the end of Ramadan 2012). Study(More)
OBJECTIVE The purpose of this study was to evaluate the efficacy and safety of vildagliptin in elderly patients with type 2 diabetes. RESEARCH DESIGN AND METHODS Efficacy data from five double-blind, randomized, placebo- or active-controlled trials of >or=24 weeks' duration were pooled. Effects of 24-week vildagliptin monotherapy (100 mg daily) were(More)
OBJECTIVE To determine if the dipeptidyl peptidase-4 inhibitor vildagliptin more effectively inhibits glucagon levels than the sulfonylurea glimepiride during a meal. RESEARCH DESIGN AND METHODS Glucagon responses to a standard meal were measured at baseline and study end point (mean 1.8 years) in a trial evaluating add-on therapy to metformin with 50 mg(More)
The efficacy and safety of the dipeptidyl peptidase-4 inhibitor, vildagliptin, as monotherapy have been widely confirmed in a large body of clinical studies of up to 2 years' duration in various populations with type 2 diabetes mellitus. This paper reviews the data supporting the use of vildagliptin in monotherapy. Consideration based on baseline glycated(More)
We have previously demonstrated that the acetyl low density lipoprotein (LDL), or scavenger, receptor is expressed by rabbit smooth muscle cells (SMCs) and fibroblasts. Moreover, receptor activity in rabbit fibroblasts was regulated over a wide range by preincubating the cells with secretion products from human platelets or with phorbol esters. The current(More)
INTRODUCTION The optimal stage for dipeptidyl peptidase-4 (DPP-4) inhibitor therapy in the course of type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) is still under discussion, with often a perception that treatment with these agents may be less beneficial with increasing disease progression, due to loss of beta-cell function, and with increasing insulin resistance (IR),(More)
AIM Analyzing safety aspects of a drug from individual studies can lead to difficult-to-interpret results. The aim of this paper is therefore to assess the general safety and tolerability, including incidences of the most common adverse events (AEs), of vildagliptin based on a large pooled database of Phase II and III clinical trials. METHODS Safety data(More)
A large proportion of Muslim patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) elect to fast during the holy month of Ramadan. For these patients hypo- and hyperglycemia constitute two major complications associated with the profound changes in food pattern during the Ramadan fast, and efficacious treatment options with a low risk of hypoglycemia are therefore(More)