Sylvie Cortial

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Eight polyketide compounds were isolated from the cultivation broth of Phomopsis sp. CMU-LMA. We have recently described LMA-P1, a bicyclic 10-membered macrolide, obtained as a bioconversion derivative of Sch-642305, the major compound isolated in this study. Benquinol is the ethyl ester derivative of the 13-dihydroxytetradeca-2,4,8-trienoic acid produced(More)
A 32 kDa protein isolated from human mononuclear cells is a member of the lipocortin family, a new group of Ca2+-dependent lipid-binding proteins thought to be involved in the regulation of phospholipase A2, in exocytosis and in membrane-cytoskeleton interactions. Purification of this protein was based on its ability to associate with membrane phospholipids(More)
The amino acid sequence of the heme-binding domains of rat liver cytochromes b5 from outer mitochondrial membranes and from microsomes has been determined by a combination of automatic and manual degradation of fragments generated by trypsin digestion and by cleavage at tryptophan. Tryptic peptides were separated by high-pressure liquid chromatography. The(More)
NfrA1 nitroreductase from the Gram-positive bacterium Bacillus subtilis is a member of the NAD(P)H/FMN oxidoreductase family. Here, we investigated the reactivity, the structure and kinetics of NfrA1, which could provide insight into the unclear biological role of this enzyme. We could show that NfrA1 possesses an NADH oxidase activity that leads to high(More)
Sch-642305 is produced by the endophytic fungi Phomopsis sp. CMU-LMA and exhibits both antimicrobial and cytotoxic activities. The incubation of Sch-642305 with Aspergillus niger ATCC 16404 resting cells leads to two unexpected thio conjugates. Compound (1) is formed by the addition of the cysteine metabolite 3-mercaptolactate to the double bond of(More)
Agar-supported fermentation (Ag-SF), a variant of solid-state fermentation, has recently been improved by the development of a dedicated 2 m(2) scale pilot facility, Platotex. We investigated the application of solid-phase extraction (SPE) to Ag-SF in order to increase yields and minimize the contamination of the extracts with agar constituents. The(More)
Each subunit of baker's yeast flavocytochrome b2 can be selectively cleaved by proteases into two fragments, amino-terminal fragment alpha and carboxy-terminal fragment beta. The primary structure of the former has been reported before [Ghrir, B., Becam, A. M. & Lederer, F. (1984) Eur. J. Biochem. 139, 59-74]. The amino acid sequence of the 197-residue(More)
Phomopsis sp. CMU-LMA was cultivated on agar-supported fermentation (Ag-SF) using the scale-up prototype Platotex. In total nine compounds were isolated from the ethyl acetate extract of the culture. Among them, compounds LMA-P1, Sch-642305, DHTO and LMA-P2 had already been reported in our previous work on liquid state fermentation. The trihydroxybenzene(More)
Sch-642305 is the major compound produced by the endophytic fungi Phomopsis sp. CMU-LMA. Incubation of Sch-642305 with Aspergillus ochraceus ATCC 1009 resting cells leads to three new derivatives through an oxido-reduction of the six-membered ring of the molecule. Reduction of the double bound leads to compound (1), which subsequently undergoes carbonyl(More)
With the aim of creating new bisubstrate inhibitors of protein farnesyltransferase (FTase), new carboxylic farnesyl pyrophosphate analogues have been designed and synthesized. The original structures are built around three elements: a prenyl moiety, a 1,4-diacid motif and an imidazole ring. All the compounds were evaluated for their ability to inhibit FTase(More)