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The presence of dominant epitopes suppresses generation of CTL activity toward other non-dominant epitopes found on the same antigen-presenting cell (APC). This phenomenon, termed immunodomination, drastically restricts the diversity of the repertoire of CTL responses. Under various experimental conditions we assessed the in vivo expansion by tetramer(More)
The primary consequence of positive selection is to render thymocytes responsive to cytokines and chemokines expressed in the thymic medulla. In the present study, our main objective was to discover which cytokines could support the differentiation of positively selected thymocytes. To this end, we have developed an in vitro model suitable for(More)
T cell responses to non-MHC antigens are targeted to a restricted number of immunodominant minor histocompatibility antigens whose identity remains elusive. Here we report isolation and sequencing of a novel immunodominant minor histocompatibility antigen presented by H-2Db on the surface of C57BL/6 mouse cells. This nonapeptide (AAPDNRETF) shows strong(More)
We showed previously that transplantation of 10(7) unmanipulated C57BL/6 marrow cells to irradiated LP mice yields healthy (B6-LP) chimeras showing no signs of rejection or graft-versus-host disease (GVHD). The aim of this work was to gain more insight into the mechanism(s) responsible for tolerance to host minor histocompatibility antigens following(More)
T lymphocytes have been found to harbor P-glycoprotein (Pgp) and to demonstrate modulation of its ion channel transporter function according to the state of activation of T lymphocytes. We hypothesized that cytotoxic chemicals that are extruded by Pgp could be used to specifically eliminate immunoreactive T-cell populations. In this study, we evaluated the(More)
After hematopoietic stem cell transplantation, the persistence and expansion of grafted mature postthymic T cells allow both transfer of donor immunologic memory and generation of a diverse T repertoire. This thymic-independent process, which is particularly important in humans, because most transplant recipients present severe thymus atrophy, is impaired(More)
Activation of host phosphotyrosine phosphatase SHP-1 by Leishmania and its subsequent impact on tyrosine phosphorylation-based signaling cascades were shown to represent an important mechanism whereby this pathogen may alter host cell functions. Herein, we report that Leishmania-induced macrophage SHP-1 activity is necessary for its survival within(More)
Pneumocystis carinii is an important cause of pneumonia in immunocompromised hosts. Both cellular and humoral immunity seem important in resistance to this pathogen, but the specific role of each component is poorly understood. An outbreak of P. carinii pneumonia in transgenic B cell-deficient mice (muMT) was studied. Over 4 months, >50% of 41 muMT/muMT(More)