Sylvie Brochu

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The presence of dominant epitopes suppresses generation of CTL activity toward other non-dominant epitopes found on the same antigen-presenting cell (APC). This phenomenon, termed immunodomination, drastically restricts the diversity of the repertoire of CTL responses. Under various experimental conditions we assessed the in vivo expansion by tetramer(More)
Activation of host phosphotyrosine phosphatase SHP-1 by Leishmania and its subsequent impact on tyrosine phosphorylation-based signaling cascades were shown to represent an important mechanism whereby this pathogen may alter host cell functions. Herein, we report that Leishmania-induced macrophage SHP-1 activity is necessary for its survival within(More)
The primary consequence of positive selection is to render thymocytes responsive to cytokines and chemokines expressed in the thymic medulla. In the present study, our main objective was to discover which cytokines could support the differentiation of positively selected thymocytes. To this end, we have developed an in vitro model suitable for(More)
ISTOCOMPATIBILITY antigens are a group of cell H membrane alloantigens that can trigger T-lymphocyte proliferative and/or cytolytic activity in vitro and may initiate graft rejection or graft-versus-host disease (GVHD) in vivo. AB0 and related antigens, whose presence on vascular endothelial cells may provoke antibody-mediated graft rejection, are excluded(More)
T cell responses to non-MHC antigens are targeted to a restricted number of immunodominant minor histocompatibility antigens whose identity remains elusive. Here we report isolation and sequencing of a novel immunodominant minor histocompatibility antigen presented by H-2Db on the surface of C57BL/6 mouse cells. This nonapeptide (AAPDNRETF) shows strong(More)
Sustainment of training to maintain the readiness of our armed forces requires stewardship of human health and the environment. The objective of this project, initiated in FY00 and planned for completion in FY05, was to determine the potential for environmental contamination from residues of energetic materials on ranges. This report describes(More)
Trypanosoma brucei brucei (Tbb) infection is a model of chronic immune response associated with severe neurological disorders believed to lead to coma and death. We hypothesized that exaggerated production of proinflammatory molecules within the cental nervous system (CNS) may be involved in the etiology of the disease, i.e., African Tripanosomiasis. The(More)
Gene expression profiling of human donor T cells before allogeneic hematopoietic cell transplantation revealed that expression of selected genes correlated with the occurrence of graft-versus-host disease (GVHD) in recipients. The gene with the best GVHD predictive accuracy was SMAD3, a core component of the transforming growth factor-β signaling pathway,(More)
We showed previously that transplantation of 10(7) unmanipulated C57BL/6 marrow cells to irradiated LP mice yields healthy (B6-LP) chimeras showing no signs of rejection or graft-versus-host disease (GVHD). The aim of this work was to gain more insight into the mechanism(s) responsible for tolerance to host minor histocompatibility antigens following(More)
T lymphocytes have been found to harbor P-glycoprotein (Pgp) and to demonstrate modulation of its ion channel transporter function according to the state of activation of T lymphocytes. We hypothesized that cytotoxic chemicals that are extruded by Pgp could be used to specifically eliminate immunoreactive T-cell populations. In this study, we evaluated the(More)