Sylvie Bouthors

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Calcium-deficient hydroxyapatite (Ca-def-HAP) thin films were elaborated on Ti6Al4V substrates by electrodeposition. The coatings exhibit two different morphologies and crystallinities. Human osteoblast-like cells (MG-63) were cultured on the surfaces of these materials; the cell content and viability were evaluated up to 28 days. The scanning electron(More)
Calcium phosphates are widely used as biomaterials and strontium (Sr) is known to have the ability to modify the bone balance towards osteosynthesis. In the present study we investigated the capacity of Sr-substituted sol-gel calcium phosphate to modify the expression of genes and proteins involved in extracellular matrix synthesis by primary bone cells. We(More)
BACKGROUND To favor regeneration following critical bone defect, a combination of autologous bone graft and biomaterials is currently used. Major drawbacks of such techniques remain the availability of the autologous material and the second surgical site, inducing pain and morbidity. OBJECTIVE Our aim was to investigate the biocompatibility in vitro of(More)
Since macrophage plays a key role in the biocompatibility process, neoplastic macrophage cell lines and human blood monocytes are commonly used as target cells for in vitro biomaterial tolerance evaluation. However, tumor cells profoundly differ from normal tissue cells and monocytes are only precursors of macrophages. It has become possible to generate(More)
Constrictive remodeling after arterial injury is related to collagen accumulation. Cross-linking has been shown to induce a scar process in cutaneous wound healing and is increased after arterial injury. We therefore evaluated the effect of cross-linking inhibition on qualitative and quantitative changes in collagen, elastin, and arterial remodeling after(More)
Hydroxyapatite (HA) is widely used as a bone substitute or coating biomaterial in bone diseases or prosthesis metal parts. The release of HA particles induces an inflammatory response and, if uncontrolled, could result in implant loss. Among the hallmarks of such inflammatory response is early recruitment of the polymorphonuclear cells (PMNs). The purpose(More)
We previously demonstrated that human gingival fibroblasts (HGF), but not their dermal counterparts, when seeded in retracting fibrin lattices induced intense fibrinolysis that was observed at the earliest stages of contraction and led to complete matrix degradation by day 7 of culture. Our aim was to examine the influence of mechanical forces in such(More)
Coated medical devices have been shown to reduce catheter-related infections. We coated endotracheal tubes (ETT) with silver sulfadiazine (SSD), and tested them in a clinical study to assess the feasibility, safety, and efficacy of preventing bacterial colonization. A prospective, randomized clinical trial, phase I–II. Academic intensive care unit (ICU).(More)