Sylvie Baltora-Rosset

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Lignin and lignans share monolignols as common precursors and are both potentially involved in plant defence against pathogens. In this study, we investigated the effects of fungal elicitors on lignin and lignan metabolism in flax (Linum usitatissimum) cell suspensions. Cell suspension cultures of flax were treated with elicitor preparations made from(More)
De-differentiation of transformed root cultures of Datura stramonium has previously been shown to cause a loss of tropane alkaloid synthetic capacity. This indicates a marked shift in physiological status, notably in the flux of primary metabolites into tropane alkaloids. Nitrogen metabolism in transformed root cultures of D. stramonium (an(More)
Over the last decade, there has been an increasing interest in using flaxseed (Linum usitatissimum) in diet in order to improve nutritional and health status. Lignans are major components of flaxseed. Therefore an extraction procedure for lignans from flaxseed has been optimized. The influence of some parameters was investigated: first the preliminary(More)
Lignans are widely distributed plant metabolites associated with a large range of biological activities. In order to gain insight into their biosynthesis and their spatio-temporal accumulation an immunological probe was developed. Secondary metabolites generally have too small molecular weight to be antigenic and have to be associated with a carrier(More)
As flaxseed mainly accumulates lignans (secoisolariciresinol diglucoside and matairesinol), these compounds were barely or not detected in plant cell suspensions initiated from Linum usitatissimum. In contrast, these cell suspensions were shown to accumulate substantial amounts of a neolignan identified as dehydrodiconiferyl alcohol-4-β-d-glucoside (DCG)(More)
Lignans and neolignans have been reported to exert different biological activities, including insecticidal ones. Three lignans, secoisolariciresinol (SECO), secoisolariciresinol diglucoside (SDG), and anhydrosecoisolariciresinol (AHS), and one neolignan, dehydrodiconiferyl alcohol-4-β-d-glucoside (DCG), were isolated from flax. Their insecticidal properties(More)
The aim of this investigation was the preparative isolation of solanidine (aglycone of the two main potato glycoalkaloids: α-chaconine and α-solanine) from fresh Solanum tuberosum (cv. Pompadour) material by implementing a new preparation scheme using centrifugal partition chromatography (CPC). A setup for obtaining solanidine by hydrolysis of the(More)
In an attempt to explain the relationship between conformations of peptide substrates of thermolysin in natural form and the experimental enzymatic cleavages, five peptides of various length were studied in two solvents H2O and glycerol, which may mimic the catalytic environmental conditions. As NMR failed to define sufficiently rough constraints to ensure(More)
A large body of data suggests that the linker histones family (H1) affects gene expression. Investigation of the linker histones role is then of a major interest in cell cycle studies with implications in gene therapy. Indeed, it has been shown that in most tissues a switch of histone subtypes occurs when the cells cease to divide. To investigate linker(More)
The conformations of thermolysin synthetic substrates in H2O/D2O (9/1) and glycerol-d 5 (5 M) are investigated using two-dimensional nuclear magnetic resonance spectroscopy and molecular modeling. The structures obtained from molecular modeling and NMR studies are compared. Comparisons of these structures with bound inhibitor in the active site of(More)